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70 Cards in this Set

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agonistic values
Competitive values that permeated every aspect of Greek life through leisure (at the gymnasium and palaistra), education, the symposium, civic life, and religion. Greek civilization married religious worship to striving for victory and public recognition.
refers to the perception of a divine being or beings in human form, or the recognition of human qualities in these beings. Many mythologies are almost entirely concerned with anthropomorphic deities who express human characteristics such as jealousy, hatred, or love. The Greek gods, such as Zeus and Apollo, were often depicted in human form exhibiting both commendable and despicable human traits.
Spartan education
competition, struggle, contest
heroic ordeal, competitive event, contest for a prize
atimos / atimia
dishonored, without civic rights/dishonor, loss of civic rights
Homeric versus Mycenaean chieftain or ‘king’ versus chief blacksmith
In Athens, a liturgist who defrayed the cost of the chorus
divine being
citizenry of the polis
good order, rule of law
(of god or hero) portion
Spartan council of elders
the Spartan ‘equals’
sung poetry + music + dancing = the sphere of the Muses
law, custom
education, upbringing
wrestling school
women’s robe [esp. the one dedicated to Athena at the Greater Panathenaia]
bond of reciprocity, friendship, affection
philos (pl. philoi)
one’s ‘dear and near’, someone to whom an individual is obligated by bonds of reciprocity
‘love of honor’
Greek city-state
‘constitution’, form of government
politês (pl. politai)
citizens of the polis
faction, factionalism, civil strife
Spartan messes
sacred precinct
beehive tomb
honor, a god’s sphere of influence
Plato's Academy
The Academy was a public gym at Athens, sacred to the hero Academus, which gave name to Plato’s school

The Academy featured an unbroken line of successors to Plato down to the 1st c. BC
First used to describe Mycenaean settlements and then later general urban settlements of moderate size
Agonistic Values
Competitive values that permeated every aspect of Greek life through leisure (at the gymnasium and palaistra), education, the symposium, civic life, and religion.

Greek civilization married religious worship to striving for victory and public recognition.
The perception of a divine being or beings in human form, or the recognition of human qualities in these beings.
Festival of the Apatouria
Archaic Period
This period followed Dark Ages and saw advancements in political theory, rise of democracy, philosophy, theatre, poetry, and revitalization of written language

This period includes colonization and a shift from geometric art.
Chief magistrate of a city-state or area
The elite
Bronze Age
Age of monarchs and stone and bronze. Lots of marauders.
Chorus offered background and summary information to help the audience follow the performance, commented on main themes, and showed how an ideal audience might react to the drama as it was presented.

Served as initiation for young men.
Chthonic Ritual
Chthonic cults practiced ritual sacrifice. When the sacrifice was a living creature, the animal was placed in a bothros "pit" or megaron "sunken chamber". In some Greek chthonic cults, the animal was sacrificed on a raised bomos "altar". Offerings were usually burned whole or buried rather than being cooked and shared among the worshippers.
Citadel, Mycenaean
This was the hallmark of the Mycenaeans and it combined two elements: the Minoan ‘palace’ complex and the Hittite fortification
This idea was based on obligations of citizens towards the community, rather than rights given to the citizens of the community
City Dionysia
This festival included:
–sacrifice in the theater
–a parade of war orphans
–performances of
• dithyrambs
• tragedies
• Comedies
–a final assembly to review the conduct of the festival
Classical Education
Education was private, voluntary, and costly. The upper-middle class and the elite could afford extensive training.

Often involved pederasty
Classical Period
Colonization Movement
In ancient times, maritime nations such as the city-states of Greece and Phoenicia often established colonies. These appear to have been more benign, emphasising the farming of uninhabited land. Resulted from "overpopulation".
Cultural life of the Greek polis
Hellenistic Period
Period after Alexander the Great exported Greek culture and ideas
Dark Age
Between the collapse of the Minoan-Mycenaean world and the Aegean world enters a period characterized by: Contracted horizon, Reduced contacts, Smaller settlements, Subsistence economy. The world is reduced to an individual level. Writing disappears.
Deme (versus phratry)
In reforms of Cleisethnes, enrollment in citizen-lists of a deme became requirement for citizenship; before, citizenship based on membership in a phratry, or family group. The establishment of demoi as fundamental units of state weakened gene, or aristocratic family groups, that had dominated the phratries
One whose parents included god and mortal
Athenian Classical Education
3 parts
Paidotribes taught gymnastics

Kitharistês (‘lyre player’) taught ‘music’

grammatistês (‘grammar teacher’) taught reading, writing, and arithmetic. After learning the alphabet, pupils would move on to basic literature
Dialectic Method
Uses conversational nature of dialogue and set in the context of an oral debate, it is primarily a tool to explore the hierarchy of forms
Do ut des
"I give so that you may give [in return]’
Can refer to other men or to Gods.
Dorian Invasion
A supposed invasion of Dorian-dialect speaking peoples who came from the north
Dramatic trilogy
Every year three authors were chosen to write three dramas, and one satyrplay each. Similarly, five authors were also chosen to write three comedies and a satyr play each.
Each tragedy tetralogy was then performed in 3 successive days, and on the last day the 5 comedies competed
Official of ancient Sparta. There were five ephors elected annually, who swore each month to uphold the rule of the two kings, while the kings swore to uphold the law. The ephors presided over meetings of the Gerousia, the oligarchic council of elders.
Retelling in a continuous narrative the life and works of a heroic or mythological person or group of persons.
A population thinly scattered over large territory, without focal urban centers, united by shared customs and religion.
a periodical assembly at a given center
Worshiped tribal deity at a common religious center.
etiology / aetiology
A mythical history used to explain
A category of families claiming descent from a single male ancestor. Genos led by its most prominent family and played prominent part as a political group in Archaic Age. Influence lasted through Classical.
The forced or voluntary adoption and practice of a cultural ideal that embraced the best and greatest of Greek achievements
The subjugated Messenian population who hated their Spartan over-lords, with whom they lived in a continual state of war, subjected to daily and periodical ritual humiliation.
heroic ordeal
Extraordinary sufferings required in order for an individual to qualify as a hero
A citizen-militia of armed spearmen who assumed a phalanx formation (the troops were relatively easy to equip and maintain); they were primarily drawn from the middle class, who could afford the cost of the armaments.