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109 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A.D.
Anno Domini - in the year of our lord
A.M.
Ante Meridiam- before middle day
P.M.
Post Meridiem - after middle day
Abacus
means of counting used by Egyptians, Greeks, and Latin people
Achilles
greatest Trojan hero - poison arrow in heal because mother held him by heal into the River Styx, the heal had not been imortal for him
Achille's Heal
weakness
Acropolis
citadel of Greece - high city
Ad nauseam
to the point of disguist
Ad Hoc
for this purpose
Ad Hominem
to the man- something that is directed at one person
ad infinitum
to infinity - something that is endless
Adonis
extremely handsome man, torn apart - extremely handsome man - modern
Adriatic Sea
goes all the way around Greece, for King Aegia
Aeneas
trojan hero who escaped from Troy and found new homeland for refugee Trojans, became Italy, forefounders of Latin race
Aenied
latin epic, written by Vergil, which tells adventures of Aeneas, based on Oddyssey
Aesop
greek slave who wrote fables
Agamemnon
leader of all Greek Kings who led expedition to Troy and was murdered by his wife and new lover
Alexander the Great
from Macedonia, brilliant general, conquered Persian empire and spread Greek culture throughout Persian Empire
Alexandria
cities named after Aelxander the Great most famous by Nile River Delta
All Gaul is Divided into Three Parts
famous 1st line of Julius Caesar, wrote a book about his conquest in Gaul, 1st line of book
All Roads Lead to Rome
1. Romans had all roads connect to Rome
2. Rome is the center of the universe at that time
alma mater
kindly mother, used to describe any place from which you graduate
Androcles and Lion
story that Androcles comes upon lion, who he helps, lion refuses to eat slave later on
Andromeda
wife of Perseus who is sacrificed to a sea monster
ante bellum
before the civil war
Atalanta
swift runner, she challenged any man who wanted to marry her in a foot race

if he won she married him
if she won she killed him
she was tricked
Apple of Discord
apple that Ares threw at wedding of Peleus and Thetis which caused the Trojan war
alpha and omega
the first and last letters of the greek alphabet
Alps
the mountain range in Europe that runs through many European countries
alter ego
someone that has 2 or more personalities
alumunus
used to describe anyone who has graduated from something
ambrosia and nectar
the food and drink of the gods
amphitheater
an arena where contests and spectacles are held, one was located in Rome
Bellerophon
slayer of chimera
rider of Pegasus
Appian Way
lead from Rome to Brundisium; was said to be the largest road
argonaut
general term for sailer on ship Argo
Basillica
Ancient Roman law court/ present day church
Aqueduct
structure that is a leader of water
atrium
entry hall in a house
Beware of the Ides of March
warning given to Julius Caesar about the disaster that would strike him
Mark Antony
one of the generals of Julius Caesar, when Julius died struggle was found for position, he lost and committed suicide with Cleopatra; part of the Second Triumvirate
Aphrodite/Venus
goddess of love; born from sea foam; son was Eros
Apollo
god of light, music, reason, prophecy, and healing; symbol is bow and arrow or lyre;
Arachne
greek girl, famous for her weavings; taught and gave no credit to her teacher Athena; later turned into a spider because she lost a weaving battle with Athena;
arachnophobia
comes from arachnes and phobis; literally a fear of spiders and other arachnids
Argus
1.dog of Odysseus, made a huge pile and died when he saw Odysseus
2.builder of Argo
3.100-eyed watchful servant who tortured Io
Ariadne
daughter of King Minos, on Island of Crete; helped Theseus get out of Labrinth
Artemis
twin sister of apollo; associated with hunting and newborn animals; symbol was moon and bow and arrow
astrology
the study of positions of stars and foretelling them to see the future
Athnea/Minerva
goddess of wisdom; symbol is owl; born fully dressed from head of Zeus
Athens
capital city of Ancient Greece; where all literature, democracy, and art and architecture came out of
Atlas
Titan who held up te sky seperate from the Earth; punished by Zeus
Bacchus/Dionysus
god of wine; depicted as marry/drunken/chasing women
bona fide
in good faith- something that is genuine
bread and circuses
term used by upper ruling classes to describe method to keep poor people in line and happy
Brutus
1.helped expel last king Tarquinius Superbus, became 1st of 2 consuls
Brutus
conspirator to help kill Julius Caesar, one of the best friends of Caesar
C.A./circa
about or approximately
Caesar/czar
dictator or one man rule
carpe diem
seize the day - written by Horace
Carthage
city in North Africa; where Hanibel is from; where Dido lived in Aeneid; sight of the 1st and 2nd Carthaginian Wars
Centaur
half man, half horse; drunken woman stealers; 1 good one who's name is chiron, tudor of Achilles
Cerberus
3 headed dog of the underworld
Ceres/Demeter
goddess of grain and harvest; cereal comes from it
Chaos
existed before nothign; beginning of all things
Chaos
existed before nothign; beginning of all things
Charon/ Chiron
ferryman of the underworld; had to put coin under tongue to pay Charon; Chiron is the good centaur who is the tudor of achilles;
Chimera/chimerical
the lion, goat, snake, fire breathing creature slayed by Bellerophon; chimerical means whimsical;
Circe
a witch, aunt of Midea; turned Odysseus's men into animals but had to turn them back
Cicero
name means chick pea; most famous orator and writer of all Latin; killed by Mark Antony;
Circus Maximus
race track of Rome; held 250,000; chariot races happened here, 7 laps made up a race; used eggs and counters shaped like dolphins to count turns; put sand on floor to give horse's bad footing;
Cleopatra
Egyptian queen; lover of Julius Caesar; when Julius Caesar died lover of Mark Antony, committed suicide together
cog nomen
branch of family name
cohort
division of Roman army; 300-600 men
Colosseum
originally named Flavian Ampitheater; held 55,000 people and could be evacuated in 5 minutes; gladiator fights held there; finished in 80 A.d.;
Constantine the Great
emperor who legalized Christianity; converted on his death bed; capitol of Roman Empire moved to east
Consul
highest political office held during republic - always 2
Cornucopia
a horn of plenty
cosmonaut
Russian sailor of the universe
Cronus
Titan who is the father of zeus; he overthrew Uranus and was overthrown by Zeus
Crossing the Rubicon
couldn't enter Rome with an army or delcared war on; Julius Caesar did and declared alea icta est die; no going back after cross
cum laude
with praise; used on diplomas
Cupid/Eros
son of Venus/Aphrodite; depicted with bow and arrow that shot love or hate
Cyclops
eyed creature, children of Gaea and Uranus or son of Poseidon who was Polyphemus; Cyclops means circle eyed
Daedalus
father of Icharus; neeeded to escape from Minotaur; invented wings
Danae
lover of Zeus; inpregnated by Zeus with golden rain
Daphne
nymph persued by Apollo; turned into Laurel Tree
Datum/Data
latin word to english in singular and plural; information
Delphic Oracle
prophecy for Apollo told by a sibyl
Delphic Oracle
prophecy for Apollo told by a sibyl
derivative
word derived from earlier language
Diana/Artemis
goddess of hunt; symbol is a moon on head or bow and arrow; wide women
E Pluribus Unum
one out of many; on American money
e.g.
exempli gratias - for the sake of example
ego
I, self-centered
Elysian Fields
equivalent of heaven in underworld
Et tu Brute
even you Brutes, phrase of Julius Caesar
et cetera, etc.
and the rest
Etruscans
people who live to the north of rome, lived in Etruria; Romans derived many of customs such as arc and gladiators
etymology
study of word origins
Europa
girl who was abducted by Zeus in form of white bull
ex libris
from the books; from the library of; used as book plate;
Face That Launched A Thousand Ships
by Helen, ships to get Helen there were a 1000
factotum
jack of all trades; person in charge of many aspects of something
ex libris
from the books; from the library of; used as book plate;
FACE THAT LAUNCHED A THOUSAND SHIps
helen was come to rescue by 1000 ships
factotum
jack of all trades; person in charge of many aspects of something;
fall of Rome
476 A.D.- west invaded by Goths; 1453 A.D. - east; led used in aqueducts causing people to go crazy; too much terrotorial expansion; crazy and bad emperors; slave labor
fates
3 woman known as spinners
1.thread of life
2.pulls it out for length of life
3.cuts it for death