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24 Cards in this Set

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Muhammad Ali
(Nag Hammadi Library)

The Egyptian peat farmer who found the Nag Hammadi Library
(Fill in the blank):

The realm of the flesh is ________
The realm of the spirit is ________
(Gnosticism)

...Evil!
...Good!
Bedouins searching for a goat in the Judean Desert
(Dead Sea Scrolls)

The discoverers of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947, in a cave near Qumran
(True/False)
The Dead Sea Scrolls are a group of Christian documents, showing a more "human" Jesus.
(Dead Sea Scrolls)

False. They are mostly (very old) fragments of the Hebrew Scriptures, and some information about the Essene Community
Qumran
(Dead Sea Scrolls)

The area of the Judean desert where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found
The end of the world is near!
(Apocalypticism)

A prominent aspect of Apocalypticism
The evil punished, the good rewarded
(Apocalypticism)

A prominent aspect of Apocalypticism - God's justice will be revealed at the end of time
Among them were several undiscovered gospels that didn't make their way into the Christian canon
(Nag Hammadi Library)

E.g., the Gospel of Thomas, The Apocalypse of John and the Gospel of Phillip and 49 other Gnostic tractates
The picture of Jesus in the Gnostic gospels seems more human
(Gnosticism/Nag Hammadi Library)

False. The Gnostic texts found at Nag Hammadi depict Jesus as superhuman and divine, in many cases merely appearing to be human.
Shh. The knowledge of salvation is a secret.
(Gnosticism)

A tenet of Gnostic belief--those with the divine spark were initiated into the mystery.
The Gospel of Thomas
(Nag Hammadi Library)

One of the best known non-canonical gospels, found at Nag Hammadi. It is comprised mainly of wisdom sayings.
The Essene Community
(Dead Sea Scrolls)

The ascetic Jewish community (active at the time of Jesus) whose documents were discovered at Qumran
Jesus was a part of the Essene community at Qumran (T/F)
(Dead Sea Scrolls)

False. Jesus "ate and drank" with his disciples, unlike the ascetic (i.e. denying the flesh) Qumran community, though they shared some apocalyptic beliefs
"Our beliefs are similar to Jesus: we share all our goods in common, oppose slavery, live by our own agriculture...but we are against marriage"
(Dead Sea Scrolls)

Beliefs of the Essene community
"The Son of Man is coming"
(Apocalypticism)

The apocalyptic expectation of a Messiah who would usher in the age of righteousness (of God's justice)
An apocalyptic Community used to live here in Jesus' time.
(Dead Sea Scrolls)

Qumran, where the Essene Community lived in the time of Jesus
These were written in Coptic (ancient Egyptian)
(Nag Hammadi Library)

The books found at the Nag Hammadi Library; some were originally in Greek, and translated into Coptic.
The god of the Old Testament is an evil god
(Gnosticism)

A tenet of some of the gnostic texts found at Nag Hammadi--the God Jesus revealed was a different God--a God of love, not wrath.
Some of us contain the divine "spark", beneath our "flesh"
(Gnosticism)

Gnosticism classified some people into those who had within them a sacred spark, for whom "saving knowledge" would elicit their salvation into the divine realm.
The world is a really cruddy place--let's escape!
(Gnosticism and Apocalypticism)

A main tenet of Gnosticism and Apocalypticism (pessimism about the world)
The first five books of the Bible
(Old Testament)

"Torah", or Law (of Moses): Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
The Septuagint
(Old Testament)

The Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, used by most Jews in the time of Jesus
The 3 sections of the Hebrew Bible
(Old Testament)

Law (Torah)
Prophets (Nevi'im)
Writings (Ketuvim)
Word for the books that didn't make it into the Hebrew Scriptures
(Old Testament)

Apocrypha or Deutero-canonical writings.