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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who was Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy?
White man who ran an antislavery newspaper was murdered by a mob of proslavery men who were trying to destroy the warehouse.
Who was Harriet Beecher Stowe?
1852 Stowe wrote and had published, Uncle Tom’s Cabin which portrayed the cruelty of slavery.
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 did what?
Congress allowed settlers in the Kansas and Nebraska territories to decide for themselves whether or not to permit slavery.
1856 – John Brown, episode one
John Brown and his sons hacked proslavery men to death with swords
1857 – Dred Scott Decision
The Supreme Court refused to free Dred Scott, a slave who had been living for many years on ‘free soil’. The court said he was not a citizen and had no rights to sue because he is a black man.
October 16, 1859 – Harper’s Ferry
John Brown led 5 blacks and 13 whites into Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. He planned to lead them southward near the crest of the Appalachians to destroy slavery. He brought a wagon load of guns, expecting slaves to join him in an uprising. They seized the armory and engine houses quietly and took hostages. 1st person killed was the town baggage master, a free black man. During the night a company of US Marines, commanded by Robert E. Lee, arrived. Brown was taken, tried, and hung on Dec. 2, 1859. The result of Brown’s assault – Southerners began worrying that blacks would rally and murder them. The militia systems in the south became viable, which was the beginning of the Confederate Army.
Election of 1860
Buchanan stepped aside – the Democratic Party split over the slavery issue. Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln, a moderate who ran on the platform to halt slavery’s further spread. Radical Abolitionists in North claimed Lincoln’s opposition to slavery didn’t go far enough – most Southerners said Lincoln’s election posed a lethal threat. November 6, 1860 Lincoln won the election with 40% of the votes. His name did not appear on ballots in 10 of the Southern states but because of the political party upheavals of this time, he won.
December 20, 1860 South Carolina convention
SC legislature called for a convention – voted 169-0 to secede from the Union. They believed they were fighting for state’s rights and self-government. They believed the power was against them – saw Lincoln’s election as a signal that the Union was about to be radicalized and were afraid they were going to lose their ‘property’
The secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of...
Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Lousianna, and Texas. All voted to secede by Feb 1, 1860
Immediately following the secession of SC, What happened at Ft Sumter?
General Anderson moved his troops at Ft Moultrie to Ft Sumter at night on Dec 26th. The north saw him as a hero but the south saw this move as a violation of Buchanan's pledge.
Feb 1861 - Jefferson Davis...
took office as the President of the Provisional Confederate States of America
Where was the Confederate Capitol originally located?
Montgomery, Alabama
The Confederate Constitution
very similiar to the original US Constitution, but omitted "a more perfect union" After We the people, "Each state acting in its own soverign and independent character." It also called a slave a slave, forbid importing slaves from abroad, permitted a tariff for revenue but not for protection of domestic industries, gave state legislature power to impeach Confed officials whose duty lay wholly within the state, Pres. limited to 6 year term and was given line item veto power
Alexander Stevens
Vice President of the Confederate States of America. "Confed gov't founded on the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man."
March 4, 1861 - Lincoln's inauguration
He promised not to interfere with slavery but denied the right of any state to secede. he vowed to defend Federal installations. "No conflict without the South throwing the 1st blow."
How was Lincoln's inaugural address viewed?
The ambiguity in the address was intentional. Republicans were generally satisfied, but Confederates and their sympathizers saw it as a 'Declaration of War'
What is the main event that caused the Civil War?
The election of President Abraham Lincoln
What resulted politically from the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
This act finished off the Whig party and gave birth to a new entirely northern Republican party.