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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who was the president of the Confederate States of America?
Jefferson Davis
Who was the president of the United States during the Civil War?
Abraham Lincoln
Who was the leader of the Union Army?
Ulysses S. Grant
Who was the leader of the Confederate Army?
Robert E. Lee
Who delivered the Gettysburg Address?
Abraham Lincoln
Who became the President of the United States when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated?
Andrew Johnson
Who surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse?
Robert E. Lee
What leader demanded "Unconditional Surrender" after winning battles?
Ulysses S. Grant
Who invented a machine that cleaned and prepared cotton in less time?
Eli Whitney
Who led an attack of fellow slaves against slave owners?
Nat Turner
Who planned to arm slaves so that they could fight for their freedom?
John Brown
Who led enslaved people to freedom on the Underground Railroad?
Harriet Tubman
Who tried to settle differences over slavery with compromises?
Henry Clay
Who was a nurse that cared for sick and wounded Union soldiers during the Civil War?
Clara Barton
Who was most responsible for keeping peace between the North and the South between 1820 and 1850?
Henry Clay
Name one difference between the North and the South before the Civil War.
The North had more people and factories. The South had more farming and less people. The North was opposed to the spread of slavery.
True or False: Most people in the South lived on large plantations and had slaves.
False: Most people in the South lived on small farms and had no slaves. Only 25% had slaves.
How did the slaves handle the hardships of slavery?
They formed close-knit groups, helped each other, and sang spirituals.
What are some things that slaves did to resist slavery?
Escaped, rebelled, killed owners, damaged things
How were arguments over slavery in land gained from the war with Mexico settled?
The Compromise of 1850
What major event happened when Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States?
Seven Southern states seceded from the Union and formed a new government, The Confederate States of America.
What event began the Civil War?
Southerners attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina.
Where did two major Union victories happen in the Civil War?
Vicksburg and Gettysburg
What groups of people were a major help to the North during the Civil War?
Africans and women
What ended slavery in the United States?
The Thirteenth Amendment
Who controlled the Southern states during Reconstruction?
The Union army
What did Southern states have to do to be readmitted to the Union?
1. Write new state constitutions 2. pass the Fourteenth Amendment which recognized the citizenship of former slaves 3. agree to give all men, black and white, the right to vote
What helped slaves escape to freedom in the North and Canada?
The Underground Railroad
What settled arguments over slavery in the Louisiana Purchase?
The Missouri Compromise
What let the people of the region decide if slavery would be allowed?
The Kansas-Nebraska Act
What honored soldiers who had died defending the nation?
The Gettysburg Address
What ordered slaves in Confederate states to be freed?
The Emancipation Proclamation
What helped former slaves adjust to freedom?
The Freedmen's Bureau
What made Africans citizens of the United States?
The Fourteenth Amendment
What gave voting rights to Africans?
The Fifteenth Amendment
What was sharecropping?
A system of working the land in which the worker was paid with a "share" of the crop
What was the time of rebuilding after the Civil War called?
What were scalawags?
People who supported something for their own good
What were carpetbaggers?
Northerners who went to the South to try to help with Reconstruction or to make money buying land or opening businesses
What was segregation?
The separation of black and white people
What does the term "impeached" mean?
Charged with a crime
What happened when Andrew Johnson was impeached?
He was found not guilty of a crime.
What were black codes?
Laws passed in the South that limited the rights of former slaves
What secret group dressed in white robes and attacked and killed former slaves?
The Ku Klux Klan
What were the border states?
Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware