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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Constitution
A detailed, written plan for government
Bicameral
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
Confederation
a group of individuals or state governments
Ratified
voted approval of
Amend
to change
Articles of Confederation
1st formal government of the 13 states; established a loose confederation of states; 1 house legislature: each state=1 vote; national govt controlled army and foreign relations; weak central govt.
Shay's Rebellion
A MA farmer led an uprising of 1200 citizens on a federal arsenal; slow federal response showed need for stronger govt.
Constitutional Convention
1787 in Philly, PA. Each state send delegates, except RI. Held in Independence Hall. George Washingtion chosen to preside over the convention.
Legislative Branch
the lawmaking branch of government
Executive Branch
the branch of government that carries out laws
Judicial Branch
the branch of government that interprets laws
Land Ordinance, 1785
*********Couldn't Find*******
Northwest Ordinance, 1787
*********Couldn't Find*******
The Virgina Plan
1. Govt. w/ 3 branches
2. Bicameral legislative w/ representation based on popluation
3. Proposed by James Madison
4. Basis for House of Representatives
The New Jersey Plan
1. Govt w/ 3 branches
2. Unicameral legislative w/ equal representation for each state
3. Proposed by William Patterson
4. Basis for Senate
The Great Compromise (CT Plan)
Proposed by Roger Sherman=>
Bicameral Congress
~House of Representatives: Based on population determined by census (every 10 yrs)
~Senate: Equal Representation (2 per state)
The 3/5 Compromise
Every 5 slaves count as 3 free persons (in census)
The Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
Southern states agreed to Congress regulating trade between states and foreigners
Northern states agreed that Congress:
~could not tax exports
~could not interfere with slave trade until 1808
The Electoral College
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Federalists
supporters of the Constitution
Federalism
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
The Federalist Papers
A series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay which argued that the nation needed a strong federal government
Anti-Federalists
those who opposed ratification of the Constitution
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution