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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, added in 1791 to protect certain rights of citizens.
civil liberties
Fundamental individual rights, such as freedom of speech and religion, protected by law against unwarranted governmental or other interference.
Freedom of Religion
The right to choose a religion (or no religion) without interference by the government. Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the First Amendment to the Constitution.
Freedom of Speech
The right, guaranteed by the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, to express beliefs and ideas without unwarranted government restriction.
Freedom of the Press
Liberty to print or to otherwise disseminate information, as in print, by broadcasting, or through electronic media, without prior restraints such as licensing requirements or content review and without subsequent punishment for what is said.
cencsrship
Act of changing or suppressing speech or writing that is considered subversive of the common good.
Freedom of Assembly
The right to hold public meetings and form associations without interference by the government. Freedom of peaceful assembly is guaranteed by the First Amendment to the Constitution.
Freedom of Petition
The right to petition the government has been interpreted as extending to petitions of all three branches: the Congress, the executive and the judiciary.
libel
A written, printed, or pictorial statement that unjustly defames someone publicly. Prosecution of libel as a punishable offense puts some measure of restriction on freedom of the press under the First Amendment.
slander
A false and malicious statement or report about someone.
Fourth Amendment
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures
search warrent
A warrant giving legal authorization for a search.
indictment
A charging of someone with a misdeed.(accusing)
grand jury
A jury of 12 to 23 persons convened in private session to evaluate accusations against persons charged with crime and to determine whether the evidence warrants a bill of indictment.
double jeopardy
The act of putting a person through a second trial for an offense for which he or she has already been prosecuted or convicted
"no self-incrimination"
Incrimination of oneself, especially by one's own testimony in a criminal prosecution.
due process of law
An established course for judicial proceedings or other governmental activities designed to safeguard the legal rights of the individual.
eminent domain
The right of a government to appropriate private property for public use, usually with compensation to the owner.
Sixth Amendment
criminal defendants seven discrete personal liberties: (1) the right to a speedy trial, (2) the right to a public trial, (3) the right to an impartial jury, (4) the right to be informed of pending charges, (5) the right to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses, (6) the right to compel favorable witnesses to testify at trial through the subpoena power of the judiciary, and (7) the right to legal counsel. Ratified in 1791, the Sixth Amendment originally applied only to criminal actions brought by the federal government.
Eighth Amendment
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted