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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What does POPULAR SOVERIEGNTY mean?
An approval of the people.
The meaning of CONCURRENT POWER is...
A power shared by both the federal government and the state government.
What type of powers do the federal and the state governments share?
1)Collect tax
2)Borrow money
3)Establish courts
4)Charter banks
5)Enforce laws and punish lawbreakers.
What is the amendment process?
a)Proposing the amendments
1)CONGRESS PROPOSSES AMENDMENT WITH 2/3 VOTES IN CONGRESS.
2)LEGISLATURES OF 2/3 OF THE STATES PRESENT (34 OF 50) CAN ASK FOR A NATIONAL CONVENTION.
b)Ratifying the amendments (must get 3/4 of the states approval, This is 38 of 50 states)
1)SENDING THE PROPOSED AMENDMENT TO THE STATE LEGISLATURES FOR APPROVAL. ALL BUT ONE WAS DONE THIS WAY.
2)SENDING THE PROPOSED AMENDMENT TO THE STATE CONVENTIONS ELECTED BY THE PEOPLE OF EACH STATE. ONLY ONE WAS DONE THIS WAY.
Give an example of Customs and Traditions.
President George Washington brought leaders in the executive branch together regularly to serve as his advisors. Since that time, regular meetings between a president and the Cabinet have become an accepted part of the government.
What is an example of Interpreting the Constitution?
Congress has passed laws setting the minimum wage that workers in the U.S. must be paid. But a minimum wage is not mentioned anywhere in the Constitution but it does, however, give Congress the power to control trade among the states. The goods made by workers usually travel from one state to another therefore Congress has interpreted the Constitution to mean that Congress has the power to pass laws affecting working conditions.
What is the term for a written change in the U.S. Constitution?
Amendment.
What did the Mayflower Compact introduce?
The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence.
What is the term for the president's power to turn down a law passed by Congress?
Veto.
What is a CABINET?
The leaders of the executive departments who also act as the President's advisors.
What does RESERVED POWER mean?
A power set aside by the Constitution for the states and the people.
What does MAJORITY RULE mean?
A system in which the decision of more than half of the people is accepted by all.
What are some federal government powers?
1)Coin and print money
2)Regulate interstate and foreign trade
3)Declare war and make peace
4)Conduct foreign relations
4)Raise and support armed forces
How does the U.S. Constitution ensure that no branch of the federal government becomes too powerful?
Limited Government.
What is a VETO?
The power to turn down a purposed law.
What are the goals of the Constitution?
1)Form a more perfect Union
2)Establish justice
3)Insure domestic tranquility
4)Provide for the common defence
5)Promote the general welfare
6)Secure the blessings of liberty.
How was popular sovereignty used by the Pilgrims?
They didn't want an another English government so they decided to create a new government based on cooperation and the approval of the people (Mayflower Compact).
The Watergate Scandal:
1)Who was involved?
2)What was supposed to happen?
3)What actually happened?
4)What defense did he use?
1)John Dean, 5 burgalurs, Richard Nixon, Senate commitee, Archibald Cox, Nixon's top aids.
2)The impeachment of the President.
3)Richard Nixon resigned.
4)Executive Privilege.
What are some State Government powers?
1)Regulate trade within state
2)Establish local governments
3)Conduct elections
4)Make marriage laws
4)License professional workers
To REPEAL is to what?
To cancel
What is a CUSTOM?
Something that's not written in the Constitution but applies because it has been done for a long period of time.
What is an AMENDMENT?
A written change to the Constitution.
The meaning of DELEGATED POWER.
A power given to the federal government by the Constitution.
What is the meaning of CHECKS AND BALANCES?
A system in which the powers of the government are balanced among different branches so that each branch can check, or limit, the power of the other branches.
What does the judicial branch do?
It's the federal court system which interprets laws and punishes the people who break the laws.
The meaning of PREAMBLE.
An introduction in the Constitution on why it was written.
What is the purpose of the executive branch?
It's responsible for carrying out the laws.
What are powers shared by the Federal and State Governments?
1)Collect taxes
2)Borrow money
3)Establish courts
4)Charter banks
5)Enforce laws and punish lawbreakers.
The U.S. Constitution is set up so that...
It's able to change with the times (a "living" document).
What is an INTERPRETATION?
Change a certain clause so that it applies to the Constitution.
How is popular sovereignty used in the Preamble?
It is in the opening sentence of the Constitution or Preamble, "We the People...".
What does the legislative branch do?
This branch of government is the one who makes the laws and consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
What is the meaning of SEPERATION OF POWERS?
A three-way division of power among the branches of the federal government (Judicial, Executive, and Legislative).
What are the three ways that the Constitution can be changed?
The Amendment Process, interpreting the Constitution, and Customs & Tradition.
What is the meaning of LIMITED GOVERNMENT?
A system in which government power is carefully spread out so that the government doesn't become too powerful.