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38 Cards in this Set

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What two factors shape the government of a nation?
How the leaders are chosen and how much power the people holds.
What was the outcome of the 2nd Constitutional Congress?
The Declaration of Independance.
What are the four reason why people form governments?
1)Provide services
2)Provide laws
3)Putting ideals into practice
4)Cooperation with each other.
What is a TOTALITARIAN GOVERNMENT?
A nation where one person or a small group of people have all the power, have total control of the lives of the people, and rules its nation by force.
Where was the first temporary established capital located?
Albany, New York.
What is a FEDERALIST?
A federalist is a supporter of the constitution that favors a strong national government.
What were the arguments of the supporters and opponets of the Constitution?
The supporters believed in strong national government and they believed that under the Articles of Confederation, it was too weak to unite all 13 states. The opponets feared a strong national government because they thought that another England type of issue would come up again.
What are the FORMS of goverment?
Absolute monarchy, dictatorship, and republic.
What are the main purposes of the Declaration of Independence?
1)Protect human rights
2)Justify independence
3)Statement of American ideals
What is the meaning of ABSOLUTE MONARCH?
A king/queen would often hold all the power in their nation's government and they were able to rule by force.
What is a COMPROMISE?
An agreement where each side gives up part of its demands.
Name the TYPES of government.
Monarchy, totalitarian, and democracy.
What is a DELEGATE?
A representative of their state.
What does FEDERALISM mean?
A federal system where many powers of government are divided between the national government.
What was important about 1781?
The Articles of Confederation was set.
What is a CONFEDERATION?
A loose association.
Why did the Articles of Confederation fail and the Constitution survive?
The articles of Confederation failed because the states refused the nation government enough power to operate sufficiently and they feared a strong central government. The constitution survived because it created a strong national government, established Congress, provided a president to carry out the laws, and a national court to interpret those laws.
What were the strengths and weakness of the constitution and the Articles of Confederation?
Strengths of Constitution:
1)Able to coin money.
2)Collect taxes.
3)Has a national court system.
4)A president or executive branch.
5)Has an army and a navy.
6)Given power to regulate interstate and foreign trade.
7)Congress elected by the people.
8)Laws easier to pass.

Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation:
1)Laws were hard to pass since they needed 9 out of 13 states.
2)No power to coin money.
3)No power to tax
4)Congress elected by state legislatures.
5)No power to regulate trade.
6)No power to establish army-each state had its own troops.
7)No president or executive branch.
8)No national court system.
What does BICAMERAL mean?
Two parts or two houses.
What is a RATIFICATION?
An approval.
What is a DIRECT DEMOCRACY and a REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY?
A direct democracy is where all the voters in a community go to one place to make laws and decide what actions to take. But this only works in small communities.
A representative democracy is where people elect representatives to carry out the work of government for them (republic).
What is the LEGISLATURE?
A lawmaking body.
Why do we need a government?
1)It helps people cooperate with each other
2)Provides services.
3)Provides laws.
4)Puts ideals into practice.
What is a DICTATORSHIP?
This is also a form of government where one person or a small group of people have total control and power in their nation.
What was important about 1789?
The Constitution was set.
The definition of LAW.
Rules of conduct enforced by the government.
What was borrowed from the English?
The Parliament, English Bill of Rights of 1689, and the Magna Carta.
What are HUMAN RIGHTS?
The basic rights in which all human beings are entitled to.
What is the PARLIAMENT?
Lawmaking body of the British Government.
What is the CONSTITUTION?
Written plans of government.
What is DEMOCRACY?
A democracy is where the people of a nation either rule directly or they elect officials who act on their behalf.
What is an ANTI-FEDERALIST?
An anti-federalist is a person who urge the detection of the constitution because they feared that another issue with King George III would come up again from the making of a strong national government.
When was the English Bill of Rights established?
1689.
What was the reason for the secret meetings?
Basically for free speech.
Who were the delegates to the Constitutional Convention?
There were 55 in all. Some included Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison Jr., and Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer.
What was the order of the states that ratified the Constitution?
1)Delaware
2)Pennsylvania
3)New Jersey
4)Georgia
5)Connecticut
6)Massachusetts
7)Maryland
8)South Carolina
9)New Hamphsire
10)Virginia
11)New York
12)North Carolina
13)Rhode Island
In what year was the Magna Carta established?
1215.
How long did it take for the Constitution to get ratified?
3 years.