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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
plaintiff
an individual or group of people who bring a complaint against another party to court.
prosecution
A government body that brings a criminal charge agaisnt a defendant.
precedent
a guideline for how similar cases should be decided in the future.
defendant
the party who defends against a complaint
judicial review
the poewr of the supreme court to overturn laws.
judicial restraint
an effort by judges to avoid overturning laws is called judicial restraint.
original jurisdiction
the court to which a legal case first goes has original jurisdiction or the authority to hear a case first.
appellate jurisdiction
Courts with appellate jurisdiction have the authority to hear an appeal.
appeal
ask a higher court to review their case.
judicial activism
an effort by judges to play an active role in making policy.