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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Statutory Laws
Laws passed by lawmaking bodies
Precedent
Earlier court dicision
Common Law
laws based on judges' decisions
Administrative Law
Laws made by government agencies
Constitutional Law
Law based on Constitution and Supreme Court decisions
Petit Jury
Trial jury of between 6 and 12 persons
Jurors
Members of trial jury
Jury Duty
Serving on jury
Verdict
Decision by jury
Hung Jury
Jury that cannot reach verdict
Cross-examine
To question opponent's witness in court
Testimony
Evidence given in court by witness
Appeal
Right of convicted person to ask higher court to review his/her case
Jurisdiction
Authority to interpret and administer law
Original Jurisdiction
Authority of court to be first court to hod trials in certain kinds of cases
Appellate Jurisdiction
Authority of courts to review decisions made by lower courts
District Courts
Lower courts that have original jurisdiction in cases involving federal laws
Marshal
Official in each federal district court who makes arrests, delivers subpoenas, keeps order in courtrooms, and carries out court orders
Subpoenas
Official court orders that require person to appear in court.
Magistrate Judges
Officials who hear cases against accused persons and decide whether those cases should be brought before grand jury
Courts of Appeals
Federal courts that review decisions appealed from district courts
Circuit
Judicial district covered by court of appeals
Territorial Courts
Federal courts that administer justice to people living in U.S. territories
Court-martial
Trial of person in armed services accused of breaking military law
Justices
Judges of Supreme Court
Docket
Supreme Court's calendar of cases
Opinion
Written statement by U.S. Supreme Court explaining its reasoning behind decision
Segregated
Separated on the basis of race
Judicial Review
U.S. Supreme Court determines if law passed by Congress or presidential action is in accord with Constitution
Remand
To return appealed case to lower court for new trial
Concurring Opinion
Statement by Supreme Court justice who agrees w/ majority's decision but for different reasons
Unconstitutional
In conflict with Constitution of US
Brief
statement w/ main points of one side's argument in court case
Dissenting Opinion
Statement by Supreme Court justice who disagrees with majority's decision