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104 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
bicameral
2 houses of legislature
census
population count
constituents
people represented
gerrymander
oddly shaped district for more votes
majority party
more than half of the senate
minority party
less than half of the senate
speaker of the house
most powerful in the house of reps
president pro tempore
temporary president
standing committees
permanent cammittees
select committees
created for a special job
joint committees
includes members of both houses
conference committees
helps with details of a proposed law
seniority
years of service
expressed powers
spacific powers
implied powers
not directly stated
elastic clause
congress can stretch its powers
authorization bills
creates programs and a budget
appropriations bills
provides the money for the program
impeach
accuse officials of misconduct in office
writ of habeas corpus
cannot send someone to jail w/o telling why
bills of attender
laws that punish w/o jury trial
expost facto laws
laws made after a crime has been committed
franking privilege
job related mail w/o paying postage
lobbyists
people higered by private groups to influence the government decision makers
casework
troubleshooters for the federal government
pork-barrel projects
gov. projects that affect a local or state area
private bills
concern individual people or
public bills
apply to the entire nation
joint resolutions
passed by both houses of congress
special-interest groups
self explanitory
filibuster
talk a bill to death
cloture
no one may speak for more than one hour
riders
unrelated ammendments
voice vote
all in favor say yes or no
standing vote
all in favor stand
roll call vote
self explanitory
pocket veto
when congress kills a bill
veto
when the president refuses to sign a bill
citizens
have certain rights and duties
government
is the ruling authority for a communtiy
public policy
course of gov.; action to achieve community goals
budget
guide for collecting and spending money
dictatorship
a gov. controled by one person or a small grp of people
democracy
where the people rule
direct democracy
all citizens have an equal voice
representative democracy
where the citizens choose a small grp to represent them
majority rule
go by what most people want
naturalization
becoming a US citizen
aliens
non us citizens in the US
immagrants
people who move permanently to a new country
migration
moving from one part of the country to another
patriotism
love for ones country
terrorism
use of violence to achieve a political goal
mercantilism
sell more then buy
boycott
refuse to buy
repeal
cancel
delegates
representatives
independance
self reliance or freedom from outside control
constitution
detaild written plan for a government
bicameral
2 parts of govt.
confederation
groupd of individuals
ratified
approved
amend
change
constitutional convention
big meeting in piladelphia
legisltative branch
lawmakers
executive branch
carry out laws
judicial branch
system of courts
great compromise
way to solve disagreements
three-fiths compromise
every 5 slaves counts as 3 votes
electoral college
a grp of ppl wou would be named by each state to select the president and vice president
federalists
supporters of the constitution
federalism
govt with divided powers
anti-federalists
against the constitution
preamble
explains why the constitution was written
income tax
tax on people's earnings
bill of rights
the first 10 amendments
amendment
any change in the constitution
popular sovereignty
piblic right to rule
rule of law
the law applys to everyone
seperation of powers
splits the government into 3 sections
checks and balances
retains the power of all the other branches of govt.
expressed powers
enumerated powers
reserved powers
powers not given to that natl. govt.
concurrent powers
powers on both lvls of the government
civil liberties
the freedoms we have to think and act w/o government intrefearence
petition
formal request
search warrent
permision to inspect a suspects home or buisiness
indictment
a formal charge by the grand jury
grand jury
review the evidence against the accused
double jeopardy
cannot be charged with the same crime twice
eminent domain
the right of the government to take private property
descrimination
unfair treatment due to prejudice against a certain grp
segregation
social seperation of races
civil rights
the rights of full citizenship
affirmative action
programs to try to make up for past discrimination
racial profiling
being singled out due to race
responsibilities
things we should do
duties
things we are required to do
draft
call upon for military service
tolerance
treating people politely in spite of their beliefs
community
a grp of ppl who share the same interests and concerns
bureaucracies
camplex systems with many departments, many rules, and many ppl in the chain of command
welfare
the helath, prosperity, and happiness
volunteerism
offering your time and services to others w/o payment