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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
under earl warren, case taht protected liberties (not separate but equal)
Brown vs Board of Education
two cases where supreme court has original jurisdiction
foriegn diplomats

state vs. state
4 limits to supreme court
types of issues

types of cases

control over agenda

lack of enforcement power

checks and balances
can hear appeals from state courts if what (supreme)
federal law/ constituion is involved
five forces shape decision court makes
basing decisions on law
views of justices
relationships of justices
court and society
balancing court's power
Federal district courts jurisdiction
original
deciding vote
swing vote
number of districts; serve as trial courts for criminal and civil cases
94
# of justices in Supreme court
8

1 chief j
coalition of justices
voting bloc
kind of jury w/ 16-23 ppl; hears charges against person supsected of committing a crime; issues ind.
Grand
duties of s=court
hear and rule on cses
lawsuits
civil cases
kind of jury 6-12 ppl; weighs evidence presented in a criminal or civil trial
Petit
formal accusation charging seomeon of a crime
indictment
lawsuits w/o precedent
cases of equity
three officers in a district court
attorney, magistrate, marshall
forbid dfendant form continuing action
injuction
issues arrest warrant
magistrate
jelp justices by reading appeals/ writing memos summarizing key issues
law clerks
official notice of lawsuit
summons
when both state and federal courts have jurisdiction
concurrent
how many months do s-c-j meet/
9
makes arrest warrants
magistrate
two ways appeals come to Supreme court
writ of certiorari

state appeals
makes arrests
marshall
when court orders a lower court to send up records on a case for review
writ of certiorari
# of courts of appeals
13
written statements setting forth legal arguments
briefs
Name th three courts in teh court system
federal, appeals, adn Supreme
number of judges in court of appeals
3
parties not involved can submit these written briefs
amius curiae
authority to hear certain cases
jurisdiciton
3 types of decisisons for court of appeals
1-uphold
2-reverse
3-retrial
three types of jurisdiction
appealot, original, concurrent
claims against u.s. for $ damages
U.S. claims court
when both state and federal courts have jurisdiction
concurrent
cases involving federeal taxes
U.S. Tax court
make a decision w/o formal hearing
per curium
trial court's jurisdiction
original
for members of armed forces convicted of breaking military law
U.S. Military Appeals
how many must vote to make a def decision? (s-c)
6/9
appeals court jurisdiciton
appealot
court system in territories
Territorial courts
how many to decide to hear a case?
4/9
Supreme Court case that established judicial review
Marbury vs. Madison
Supreme court justice; under whom power was set
John Marshall 1801
3 ways public policiy is determined by court
Judicial Review

Interpretation of the Law

Overturning Earlier Decisions
Under Roger Taney; case that set states/citizens rights
Dred Scott vs Stanford
for dc area
Court of District of Colombia
"let decision stand"
stare decesis
issued rulings related to 13-15th amendments
Plessy vs. Ferguson
selected senators aprove first
senatorial courtesy
model to base other similar cases on
precedent