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63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
one of first students of government
Aristotle
ALIENS
resident, non-resident, illegal, enemy, refugees
First American Constitution
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
First American legislature
Virginia House of Burgess
Representation based on population; strong executive & legislature (judiciary)
Virginia Plan
pro-constitution


anti-constitution
Federalists


anti-federalists
Principles of the Consitution:
1) popular soverignty: ppl rule
2) federalism: national/state
3) Separation of Powers: 3 branches each have control
4) Checks & Balances
5) Limited Government
6) judicial Review: courts can claim things unconstitutional
vote needed to ratify an amendment
3/4
Four features of a state
popularity, soverignty (state), terrirory, government
First appearance of limited government
Magna Carta
Two tax acts forced on Colonies by Britain
Intolerable Acts (tax, tea, harbor, soldiers) & Stamp Acts
settled dispute of Constitution & formed a bicameral legislature
Connecticut Compromise
Congress couldn't end slavery until 1808; could regulate interstate & foreign commerce
Commerce & Slave trade compromise
states why Constitution was written
Preamble
Powers directly stated in the Constitution
expressed
Way a Supreme Court decision can be overturned
President refuses to carry it out
Prohibition Amendments: 1-banned
2-repealed the banned
1-18th

2-21st
gave blacks right to vote
fifteenth amendment
gave women right to vote
19th amendment
gave 18-year-olds right to vote
26th amendment
listed in Article I, Section 8
enumerated powers
four theories of government
evolutionary, divine right, force, social contract
Who came up with social contract (ppl give up freedoms to govt. to protect their natural rights)
John Locke
Farmers threatened for closure of their farms; tried to force the State to help them
Shay's Rebellion
Equal representation, weak executive (appointed judiciary)
New Jersey Plan
Stated 3/5 of slaves are counted for taxes and representation
3/5 Compromise
created an electoral college
Electoral College Comrpomise
vote needed to propose an amendment
2/3
vote that overrides a presidential veto
2/3
implnational government requires these to carry out expressed powers
implied
those powers Congress has simply because it is a national government
inherent
Constitution is "law of the land"
supremacy clause
says congress can do what's necessary to carry out proper govt
necessary & proper clause

elastic clause
must pass to admit a new state
enabling act
prohibits government from interfering w/ religious practices
free exercise clause
"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion"
establishment clause
1st amendment freedoms
speech, assembly, press, religion
type of legislature Congress is
bicameral
REPRESENTATIVE QUALIFICATIONS
how old?
how many years of citizenship?
residence?
25
7
yes
House/senate leaders
speaker of the House, president pro tempore, majority/minority leaders
Most congressional work done in???
committees
stops a filibuster
vote of cloture
four types of committees (main)
1-standing
2-joint
3-select
4-conference
which is permanent and oversees certain issues of bills
standing
whihc is temproary that studies issue and reports findings
select
has members from both House & Senate perm/temp
joint
4 main legislative powers
nation's growth
taxing & spending
foreign policy
commerce
tells how to spend money
appropriation bills
three types of resolutuions
simple
joint
concurrent
committees' bill actions
1-kill, pigeonhole, revise
2-hearing
3-pass
amendment for pres. succession
25th
amendment saying two terms
22nd
presidential qualifications
how old?
citizenship?
residence?
35
natural born
14 yrs
first four positions in pres. succession
vice president, speaker of the hosue, president pro tempore, secretary of state
where's pres power found?
article II
SEVEN PREZ ROLES
head of state
economic advisor
party leader
commander in chief
chief executive
chief legislature
chief diplomat
as party leader, grants party members benefits/jobs
patronage
4 MAIN EXECUTIVE OFFICES
office of management and budget
national securities council
council of economic advisors
white house office
largest executive office
office of management and budgeet
most important executive office
white house office
head and director of NSC
head-president
director-NSC advisor
department of attorney general
justice
department for joint chiefs of staff
defense