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122 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
administration
The officials and agencies of the executive branch that help the president plan and carry out policy
consultate
A government office in a foreign country that works to protect and promote the interests of its citizens
domestic
Referring to matters that affect only the United States
petition
A formal request for government action
reprieve
A delay in carrying out a court order or sentence
executive agency
An independent agency responsible for dealing with specialized areas of government
executive order
A rule issued by the president that has the force of law
popular sovereignty
The idea that people should have the right to rule themselves.
ambassador
An official who represents his or her nation in a foreign country
Cabinet
A group of advisors to the President (made up of the heads of the executive depts., the Vice President, and other important officials
franking privilege
The right of members of Congress to send work-related mail without paying postage
poll tax
A sum of money paid in exchange for the right to cast a ballot
president pro tempore
the official who presides over the Senate when the vice-president is away
spoils system
The practice of giving jobs as a reward for party loyalty
immunity
Legal protection from prosecution
coalition
A political alliance with another party or parties
constituent
A person who comes from a legislator's district or state
passport
An official document that identifies a traveler as a citizen of a particular country
pocket veto
A way the president can kill a bill, when Congress is not in session, by refusing to sign it (he puts it in his POCKET and forgets about it!)
grassroots
Beginning with the people
pardon
A declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
red tape
Inefficiency caused by too many rules and regulations
Speaker of the House
The leader of the House of Representatives
segregation
The separation of people because of race or ethnic origin
bureauracy
a large, complex organization with many departments and different levels of responsibility
embassy
A government office in a foreign country which is run by an ambassador
treaty
A formal agreement involving two or more countries
confederation
A group of individuals or individual states who band together for a common purpose
executive agreement
An agreement between the president and the leader of another country
government corporation
A business owned an operated by the government that provides services to the public
amnesty
A pardon granted to members of a group after they break a law
dictatorship
A government that is controlled by one person or a small group of people
senority system
A system that gives the most desirable committee assignment to members of Congress who have served the longest
visa
A permit that allows a foreign citizen to remain in a country for a certain amount of time
filibuster
In the Senate, the practice of talking for hours to delay the vote on a bill
compact
An agreement or contract
standing committee
A permanent committee in Congress that specializes in a particular area
civil servant
Someone who works for the government (an employee of the government)
impeach
To formally accuse a government official of wrongdoing
exit poll
A survey taken at polling places to find out how people voted
appropriations
Funds (money) set aside for a particular purpose
regulatory commission
An independent agency that protects the public by controlling certain types of businesses and industries
pigeonhole
To set aside a bill in legislative committee without considering it.
plurality
In an election, winning more votes that any other candidate but not necessarily a majority
merit system
A system in which government jobs are given to those who are most qualified
draft
To call up men for military service
duties
The things we are required to do
common law
Unwritten law based on customs or tradition (precedent - what has always been done)
public
Pertaining to people in a community
repeal
To cancel
affirmative action
A program that is designed to help minorities and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
political machine
A strong part organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes
nonpartisan
Not involving political parties
lobbyist
A person who tries to persuade politicians to support a particular group or position
split ticket
The practice of voting for candidates of different parties in an election
caucus
A meeting of members of a political party to select candidates
amend
To change
alien
A person who lives in a country but is not a citizen of that country
checks and balances
A system in which each branch of government can check (restrain or stop) the action of the other branches
search warrant
A legal document that allows law enforcement officials (police) to search a suspect's home for evidence
Straight ticket
The practice of voting for all the candidates of one political party
civics
The study of citizenship and government

initiative
A procedure through which citizens can propose laws through the use of a petition
congress
a formal meeting at which delegates discuss matters of concern
naturalization
The process by which resident aliens become citizens
Federalist
Someone who supported the Constitution and a strong national government
mercantilism
The theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys
Enumerated powers
Powers of the federal government that are specifically mentioned in the Constitution
responsibilities
Obligations (duties, jobs, or chores) that are fulfilled voluntarily
Parliment
The British legislature
deport
To expel, or send out of, a country
accountable
Having to explain one's actions to the voters
compromise
An agreement between two groups in which each side agrees to give up something in order to get something more important
libel
The crime of printing lies about other people
electoral vote
A ballot cast by an elector in the Electoral College System
public opinion
The attitudes or opinions of a large group of people on a particular issue or person
eminent domain
The right of the government to take private property for public use
majority
More than half
impartial
Not favoring any particular side
patronage
Giving jobs or special favors to loyal party workers
libel
The crime of printing lies about other people
citizen
A member of a community with a government and laws
PAC
Political Action Committee; an organization established to raise money for a political candidate
Ant-Federalist
A person who opposed (did not agree)with the Constitution before 1789
colony
A group of people in one place who are ruled byt the government of another place
electorate
A group of people who are eligible to vote in an election
executive
Having the power to carry out laws
platform
The statement of a political party's goals and positions on various public issues
judicial
Having the power to interpret laws
representative
A person who represents other citizens in a government
due process of law
Judicial (court) procedures established by law and guaranteed byt the Constitution
precinct
A geographical area that contains a specific number of voters
popular vote
Votes cast directly by the people
federal system
A form of government in which power is shared between a national government and the states
bias
A one-sided or slanted point of view
legislature
A group of people that makes laws for a state or country
plank
A section of a political party's platform
primary election
An election in which party members choose candidates to run for office
implied powers
Congressional powers that are not specifically in the Constitution but are suggested by the Constitutions "necessary and proper" clause
canvassing
Going through a district asking for votes and taking polls
discrimination
Unfair or less equal treatment of a particular group
indicted
to be formally accused (of a a crime) by a grand jury
legislative
Having the power to make laws
referendum
An election by which voters can approve or reject a law
double jeopardy
the retrial (second trial) of a person who was judged not guilty of the crime in a previous trial
mass media
The sources of information that are widely distributed, including television, radio, newspapers, and magazines
lobby
To try to persuade government officials to support the cause of a special interest group
toleration
Respect for and acceptance of people of a different race, religion, or life-style
pollster
Someone who takes polls, or samples, of public opinion
slander
telling lies about another person with the intent to harm that person
third party
A minor political party in the United States
interest group
A group of people who share a similar point of view and who join together to promote that point of view
bail
Money paied to the court by an accused person as a guarantee that he or she will appear for trial.
boycott
To refuse to buy or use a product or service
suffrage
The right to vote
civil rights
The rights guaranteed to American citizens
Ant-Federalist
A person who opposed (did not agree)with the Constitution before 1789
Supremacy Clause
The statement in the Constitution that the national government has authority over state law
quota
A fixed number of people allowed or required for a particular function or activity
refugee
A person who has left his or her home because of war, famine, or political oppression
ratify
To vote approval of
treason
An act that is dangerous to one's country or gives assistance to its enemies.