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129 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What does agriculture need to survive?
Water
Definition of history
Scholarly discipline
what is a historian?
a scholar who reconstructs the past to make it relevant today/ show its impact on todays world
History Can Be
Intuitive or imperical
Intuitive history
artistic and creative - interpretive thesis always arguable
Imperical History
Based on facts (who did what? When? Where?)
Two types of history
Pre post modern and Post modern
Pre Post Modern History
Speculative "it was this way"
Pre Post Modern History is...
1-Cyclical~what goes around comes around
2-Progressive~history will get better
3-Providincial~Creationism- intelligent design-god acting in history-
Post Modern History
analytical "perhaps this way"
Culture
extrasomatic means of adaption passed on from generation to generation. Parents and society teach children.
Social
race,class,gender:men vs women ~ upper class vs lower class
Civilization
latin word that refers to a citizen a part of a group
State
Organized society distinct geographical border Shared values; concentrated effort
Law
Government conduct
why was agriculture needed?
"you have to eat every day"
Prehistory
Anthropology
Great Rift Vally
Humanoid bones 2-4 million years old
Paleolithic
30,000 - 8,000 BCE stone tools
Neolithic Era
8,000- 3,000 BCE
BCE
before the common/christian Era
CE
common era
Paleolithic
Wanderers
Neolithic
Starting to settle down
Neolithic Era they began to do what?
Raise animals Grow grains
Where did the neolithic people settle?
By rivers
What is the main food source of the people?
Grain
Mesopotamia
"The land between the rivers"
What two rivers is Mesopotamia located between?
Tigris and Euphrates
Mesopotamia is prone to flood True or false?
True
How was mesopotamia ruled?
People were rule oriented and strict
What is the main river in Egypt?
The Nile
Nile river is...
Steady predictable and fertile
What is the main river in India?
Indus
What two peoples settled on the Indus river?
Harrapan and Gandas Cultures
What are the two major rivers in China?
Yellow and Yangtze
What crops are raised on the banks of the yellow river?
Millet and Wheat
What crops are raised on the Yangtze river?
Rice
The yellow river is...
in northern china, flat and cool, unpredictable
The Yangtze river is...
in central china, warmer
Origin and evolution of writing
Pictographs~Ideograms~Phonetic~Cuniform
Cuniform is...
Wedge shaped
Epic of Gilgamesh has...
Cultural values
Ninkasaki
Goddess of beer
Ninkasaki's hymn
holds recipie for beer
What did fritz maytag do?
began anchor brewing company(1990) came up with nikasaki beer
What did the government give people grant money for?
to answer the question which came first beer or bread?
What are the benifits of fermentation?
Decreased levels of tannins(acids)

Increases level of B vitamins

Increased level of protiens
What are the percentages of protiens nad beer?
8-20% in beer and only 3% in bread
What is alchohol?
Aspetic(Kills germs)
Gilgamesh
A whole collection of myths
Myth
pre scientific explanation
What is the theory on Utnapishtam?
He is noah
A Myth is a story with a what?
Moral
Enlil
God that created the great flood
Anthropomorphic
man like shape or personality (had the same personality as a human but never died)
Gilgamesh's destiny is...
That his memory will live forever not him
Mina =
60 sheckles
Womens role...
prepared food and owned taverns
Treason was not accepted even when what?
Drunk
What did fritz maytag do?
began anchor brewing company(1990) came up with nikasaki beer
What did the government give people grant money for?
to answer the question which came first beer or bread?
What are the benifits of fermentation?
Decreased levels of toxins(acids)

Increases level of B vitamins

Increased level of protiens
What are the percentages of protiens nad beer?
8-20% in beer and only 3% in bread
What is alchohol?
Aspetic(Kills germs)
Gilgamesh
A whole collection of myths
Myth
pre scientific explanation
What is the theory on Utnapishtam?
He is noah
A Myth is a story with a what?
Moral
Enlil
God that created the great flood
Anthropomorphic
man like shape or personality (had the same personality as a human but never died)
Gilgamesh's destiny is...
That his memory will live forever not him
Mina =
60 sheckles
Womens role...
prepared food and owned taverns
Treason was not accepted even when what?
Drunk
Man can divorce woman but
Woman cant divorce man
an eye for an eye but...
only between equals
Surplus agriculture is the key to what?
diversity and organization
Development of sophisticated skills...
such as building writing and the arts
Pictograph
picture that represents a word
Cuniform
wedge shaped earliest form of somatic writing ~ makes a transition from ideogram to phonetic
Phonetic
sign represents a sound
ideogram
Sign that represents an idea
Star
always symbolizes a god or godess
Indo
European Migrations
Harrapan Civilization
c. 2300-1900 BCE
Vedic Age
C.1500-500 BCE
4 varna
Brahmin

Kshatriya

Valsha

Shudra
Harrapan Civilization is pre....
Aryan
Mohenjo-Daro
500,000 sq. miles
Uniform sized bricks show...
order, mass production
Cities had what?
Underground sewers

Toilets

Grainery
Swastica
"Good Fortune"
Tree & fire
Worshiped
Fire stood for
Sacrifice
Water stood for
Cleansing
Vedic Age
C. 1500-500 BCE
Vedas
Collection of indian hymns, ritual texts and philisophical treatises
Rig Veda
Earliest of the vedas Aryan tales of glorius military campaigns
13 chapters of the Mahabharata is called
the Bhagavad-Gita (Gita)
Upanishads transitional text fom Branminism to
Hinduism
Iron
C. 1000 BCE
Iron supplys warriors with
superiority over bronze weapons
Gita
War between two families
Arjunals
Charioteeris
Mouth
Brahmin~Priests and scribes
Varna
Color
Arms
Kshariya~Warriors
Thighs
Vaisha~Merchants
Feet
Shudra~farmers
Caste
vocation
dasa
black~the outcasts
Aryan
Ireland Iran "Noble ones" ~ warriors
World Spirit
Brahman

Vishnu

Shiva

Krishna
Axial Age India
c. 500 BCE
Brahmanism reforms into Hinduism as a reaction to ______
Buhdism and Jainism
Hinduism
the major relegion in india today
Buddhism
Siddhartha Guatamo
Janiam
Magavira
Axial Age turned away from
mythological to more rational ones
Pyramids built in
the old kingdom period 2660-1800 BCE
New Kingdom
1570- 1075 BCE
New kingdom was the
age of the empire
Indo-European
Ireland to india
Hebrew
God acts in human affairs
Hapira
Nomads, wanderes, not citified
Abraham
Compared to Ur- rejected polytheism
Abraham was
the worlds first monotheist
Abraham had a covenant with God...
"Circumsize your son and i will make you father of many nations"