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8 Cards in this Set

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1.(T/F) All arteries carry oxygenated blood and all veins carry deoxygenated blood
2.(T/F)The right side of the heart pumps blood into pulmonary circulation and the left side pumps blood into systemic circulation.
3. Starting with the right atrium, trace the path of blood flow throughout the body.
1. False. Pulmonary arteries and umbilical arteries carry deoxygenated blood while pulmonary veins and umbilical veins carry oxygenated blood.
2. True
3. Right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary arteries, Pulmonary capillaries, Pulmonary veins, left atrium, left ventricle, aorta, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, vena cava.
1. Which valve separated the right atrium and right ventricle?
2. Which valve separates the left atrium and left ventricle?
3.(T/F) Systole is when the heart relaxes and diastole is when the ventricles contract.
4. What is the electrical pathway in the heart?
1. The tricuspid valve separates the right atrium from the right ventricle.
2. The mitral valve separates the left atrium from the left ventricle.
3. False, the ventricles contract during systole and the heart relaxes during diastole.
4. Electrical conduction pathway: Sinoatrial node -> atrioventricular node-> bundle of His -> Purkinje fibers
1. Which nerve of the parasympathetic nervous system decrease heart rate?
2. Which componenet of the nervous system increases heart rate?
3. What is plasma?
4. What are the cellular components of blood?
1. The vagus nerve
2. Sympathethic nervous system stimulation causes an increase in heart rate.
3. Plasma is the liquid component of blood.
4. The cellular component of blood are erythrocytes(RBC), leukocytes(WBC), and platelets.
1.(T/F) The three types of leukocytes are granular, lymphocytes and monocytes.
2. Which type of leukocytes play a key role in inflammation and allergic reactions?
3. Which type of leukocyte plays a key role in immune response?
4. What is the function of monocyte?
2. Granular leukocytes(basophils, eosinophils, and neutrophils) are active in inflammation and allergic rxn.
3. Lymphocytes are key players in immune response.
4. A monocyte phagocytizes foreing matter.
1. What are the four blood types?
2. Which blood type is considered to be a universal donor?
Which type is a universal recipient?
3. What is the Rh factor? How can the Rh factor complicate pregnancy?
The four blood types are A, B, AB, and O
2. Type O blood is universal donor.
Type AB is recipient.
3. The Rf factor is an antigen on the surface of RBC. Following birth of a Rh+ child, and RH- mother develops antibodies to the Rh factor. These antibodies can attack the blood cells of any future Rh+ fetuses carried by the mother.
1. According to the Bohr effect, would high levels of H+ and HCO3- increase or decrease hemoglobin's affinity for O2?
2. (T/F) Platelets play a key role in the immune response.
3. Which proteins are essential for proper clotting?
1. High levels of H+ and HCO3 would decrease hemoglobins affinity for O2.
2. False, platelets are key players in clot formation
3. Thrombin and fibrin are essential for clot formation.
1.(T/F) B lymphocytes are involved in humoral immunity.
2. What is the function of immunoglobins(antibodies)?
3. What role do T lymphocytes play in an immune response?
1. True
2. Antibodies attract other cells that can phagocytize an antigen or cause the antigens to clump together.
3. T lymphocytes are involved in cell-mediated immunity. They are responsible for the body's defense agaist viral and fungal infections
1. (T/F) Skin, ciliated mucosa, macrophages and inflammatory responses are all examples of nonspecific defense.
2. what happens to interstitial fluid that doesn't diffuse into an capillary?
3. What is a lymph node and what is its function?
1. True
2. Excess interstitial fluid is picked up by the lymphatic system and returned to the circulatory system.
3. A lymph node is swelling along a lymphatic vessel that contains phagocytic cells. Their role is the filter the lymph and remove/ destroy foreing particles.