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98 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
short, sweet, and to the point
film as you see it written down, description, present tense
accounting of what every aspect of the movie costs
a sequential series of illustrations, stills, rough sketches and/or captions of events, as seen through the camera lens, that outline the various shots
the prescribed form as a series of master scenes, with all the dialogue provided and the essential actions and character movements described
soft top layer of film stock, light sensitive material
firm flexible suport material that the emilsion rests on
raw stock
unexposed film: negative, reversal, color, and black & white
most professional films, after film is developed renders a scene with reversed tonalities
show a normal image as soon as they are developed
original camera negative
any film that was shot by a camera, as opposed to a print or intermediate copy
specific number used to measure Film Speed. Same as I.E. and I.S.O. A.S.A. stands for American Standards Association, the organization that standardized the scale of measurement of film speed
Film Speed
sensitivity to light of a particular type of film for proper exposure
measures the seperation of tones (lights and darks) in an image
holes on side of the film used to progress fim through the camera
key number
numbers that track the footage, allow each frome of the film to be identified by number
teeth on a roller designed to engage with the perforations in film
film core
plastic hub used to hold film without a reel
film gate
opening on a camera just behind the lens, through which a single frame is exposed
rectangle through which light from the lense shines, defines the border of the image. Diameter of the lense
blocks light from the film when it is moving between successive exposures
pulls down each frame for film exposure and holds it steady in the film gate during exposure
focuses light from the world into the film
lense mount
receptacle where the lense is attached to the camera
pressure plate
holds film flat during exposure
aperture plate
plate between the lense and the fillm
allows the camera operator to see what image is being recorded on the film
rexflex viewfinder
diverts light coming through the lense to a viewfinder
mirrored shutter system
light is diverted form the lense to a viewfinder screen by a mirror shtter
beam-splitter system
partially reflecting mirror or prism in the light path diverting some of the light to the viewfinder, takes some light away from film exposure
diopter adjustment
part of the viewfinding system that can be adjusted to compensate for your own particular eyesight, allowing you to see the groundglass clearly
what you use to see what you are shooting, problem with letting in extra light
film chamber
light-tight compartment that holds the film before and after it is exposed to the light
supplies the power to run the film past the lense for exposure
type of motor that is hand-cranked before shooting
type of motor
supply reel
reel with unexposed film
take-up reel
empty reel, used to gather up film after it has been exposed
detachable film chambers with one or two light-proof chambers that hold film
time x intensity
variable shutter
shutter angle can be narrowed to change the shutter speed
standard speed
film projection speed 24 fps
slow motion
shot at faster than 24 fps but projected as normal
fast motion
shot at slower than 24 fps but projected as normal
to run the camera slower, producing fast motion
single frame shooting used to dramatically speed up action over a long period of time. Typically where a single frame is shot after a consistent pause
quiet camera used to sync-sound filming (company name)
16mm camera (company name)
camera company
variable-speed motor
runs a camera at speed faster or slower than sound speed, used in cameras not intended for sync sound work
used to dampen camera noise
refers to the steadiness of the image, the cameras ability to expose each frame in the same place relative to the sprocket holes
ditty bag
cinematograpjers's or assisant's bag
three-legged camera support
fluid head
have a built-in hydraulic dampening device to make panning much easier
focal plane
where light rays are brought back to a point
zoom lense
have a range of focal lengths, allowing you to change focal length during a shot
prime lenses
have only one focal length (fixed focal length lenses)
fast lenses
fow low light filming, lens with a very wide maximum aperture (small f-stop number)
slow lenses
lens with a relatively small maximum aperture (large f-stop number), can’t let in a lot of light
focal length
distance from the lense to the focal plane, power of lense to bend light rays coming from the subject.
the rate at which objects become smaller the farther they are from the camera
shorter focal length than normal, 10mm (fish eye)
normal or medium focal length, 25mm
longer focal length than normal, long lense 75mm, extreme close up
speed of the lense, ratio between the focal length of the lense and its diameter (aperature)
iris diaphragm
inside the lense, can close down to control the amount of light it lets through
depth of field
the zone, measured in in terms of near distance and far distance from the camera, where the image appears acceptable sharp
circle of confusion
any point that is nearer or farther from the camera than the plane of critical focus registers as a circle on film instead of a point
how clear the image can be
caused by light striking the lens and either fogging the image, or causing a little row of polygons (the silhouette of the iris) to appear from the light hitting the surfaces of the many elements in the lens
incident light
amount of light falling on the objects
reflective light
light that is reflected from the object, measured with a reflected light sensor at the camera
key light
brightest light, casts the primary shadow
fill light
fills in the shadows cast by the key light without casting shadows of its own
placed on the opposite side of the subject from the camera, produces highlights on hair/back of subject
ambient light
the natural light (usually soft) or surrounding light around a subject in a scene
available light
the naturally-existing light in an off-set location
the use of thin beams of light to illuminate selected or limited parts of the subject
decreases the further from the light source you go
color temperature
measurement of the color of light, and film is very sensitive to color temperature
lighting contrast
relationship in light intensity between the brightly lit areas and the shadow areas
spreads the light, disrupts the hard parallel rays and cuts down the light's intensity
light is less directional
small round clamp, usually used in conjunction with an arm on a C-Stand
artificial light
bulbs that employ a tungstn filament surrounded by halogen gas encased in a quartz glass bulb
the gas contained in the lamp of a Quartz Light, which prolongs the life of the tungsten filament
block the beam from going where you don't want it
a lamp that provides general diffuse lighting on a studio set
most controllable kind of lighting
a white or silver card used for soft indirect lighting of the subject by bouncing light off the card. Can also be used to provide a gentle brightening of shadow areas
space blanket
foil sheet taped to make an excellent reflecting surface on a dark or colored wall
large black cloth on a frame used on a shoot to keep light out of part of the composition
circular wire mesh screens that can be placed in front of a lighting unit to reduce the intensity
white silk material mounted on frames, they cut down the light while diffusing it somehow
3-point lighting
use key light, fill light, and back light
day for night
shooting night scenes during the day, by using filters and underexposure