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51 Cards in this Set

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accerbus/a/um
-bitter, severe
an
-Or is it that...?
aperte
-openly
auctoritas
auctoritatis, f.

-lead, support; authority
coerceo
coercere, coercui, coercitum

-to repress, restrain
confero
conferre, contuli, collatum

-to bring together
consilium
consilii, n.

-plan of action
consultum
consulti, n.

-decree (law)
desum
deesse, defui
(irregular w/ dat.)

-to fail
iam
-already
iam diu
-for a long time now
in
-against

(w/ acc.)
incendium
incendii, n.

-arson
iussu
-by order, at the command of

(abl. sg.)
labefacto
labefactare, labefactavi, labefactatus

-to weaken
machinor
machinare, machinatus sum

-to devise, plan
mediocriter
-moderately, not very much
nimis
-too, too much
novae res
f. pl.

-revolution
occido
occidere, occidi, occisum

-to kill, murder
oportet
oportere, oportuit

-it is right; ought

(impersonal verb)
orbis
orbis, m.

-globe

(orbis terrae - the world)
ordo
ordonis, m.

-class, body
perfero
perferre, pertuli, perlatum

-to put up with
perniciosus, a, um
-dangerous, destructive
pestis
pestis, f.

-plague; destruction
pontifex
pontificis, m.

-priest
praetereo
praeterire, praeterivi, praeteritum

-to pass over
pridem
-for a long time
quondam
-at one time, formerly
status
status, m.

-situation, condition
studeo
studere, studui
(w/ dat.)

-to be eager for
supplicium
supplicii, n.

-punishment
vasto
vastare, vastavi, vastatus

-to destroy
vehemens
vehementis

-strong, forceful
vero
-indeed
Publis Scipio
-consul in 138 B.C.
-led the attack on Tiberius Gracchus
Tiberius Gracchus
-tribune of the plebs in 133 B.C.
-Was murdered because the Senate thought he was aiming for too much power
-had the people's vote
Gaius Servilius Ahala
-he was Cincinnatus's "master of the cavalry"
-murdered pleb Spurius Maelius
Spurius Maelius
-was a plebian
-murdered by Ahala because he was accused of selling grain inexpensively during a famine in order to gain political support
Senatus Consultum Ultimum
-It was a decree that granted the consuls extrodinary powers to get rid of threats to the Republic
Exordium
-the introductory section of a speech
Narratio
-the second section of a speech in which the facts are laid out
Propositio
-The third section of a speech in wich the points of agreement are enumerated
Confirmatio
-the fourth section of a speech in which the evidence is presented and the argument is developed
Refutatio
-the fifth section of a speech in which the arguments against the opponents stance are presented
Peroratio
-the conclusion of the speech, often in the form of a prayer or request
Comitia
-the assemblies of the people called by groups
Contio
-a form of comitia in which all people were summoned without regard to group
-usually held near rostra
Pontifex Maximus
-the high priest who was an elected official responsible for overseeing the major priestly colleges and the Vestal Virgins
privatus
privati, m.

-civilian, private citizen