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229 Cards in this Set

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abuto, abuti, abusus sum
to abuse
w/ abl
arbitror
to think, suppose
audacia, -ae
boldness, recklessness
f
caedes, -is
slaughter, murder
f
concursus, -us
gathering
m
coniuratio, -onis
conspiracy
f
consilium
debate
n
consilium capere
to adopt a plan
constrictus/a/um
bound, choked off
convoco
to call together
designo
to point out
effrenatus/a/um
unbridled, unrestrained
eludo, eludere, elusi, elusum
to mock
etiam
still
adv
fio, fieri, factus sum
to be made, become
irr pass
furor, furoris
madness
m
iacto
to throw about
se iactare
to brag, boast
immo
no, rather
adv
muntissimus/a/um
most fortified
noto
to mark down
os, oris
mouth, face
n
particeps, -cipis
participant in
m
w/ gen
pateo, patere, patui
to lie out in the open, be obvious
proximus/a/um
last
quam diu
how long
adv
quisque, quidque
each, every
quo
(to) where?
adv
scientia, -ae
knowledge
f
sentio, -ire, sensi, sensum
to notice, perceive
sese
se
superior, -ius
before last
comp adj
usque
all the way
adv
vigila, -ae
night watch
f
vito
to avoid
vultus, -us
face, expression
m
acerbus/a/um
bitter, severe
an
or is it that...?
conj (btwn 2 quest)
aperte
openly
adv
auctoritas, -atis
lead, support
f
coerceo, -ere, -ui, -itum
to repress, restrain
confero, conferre, contuli, collatum
to bring together
consilium, -i
plan of action
n
consultum, -i
decree
n
desum, desse, defui
to fail
irr. v. w/ dat
iam
w/ past: already
w/ present: now
w/ future: soon
adv
iam diu
for a long time now
adv
in
w/ acc. of person: against
incendium, -i
fire, pl. arson
n
iussu
by order, at the command
abl. sg.
labefacto
to weaken
machinor
to devise, plan
mediocriter
moderately, not very much
adv
nimis
too, too much
adv
novae res
revolution
fem pl
occido, occidere, occidi, occisum
to kill, murder
oportet, oportere, oprotuit
in pres: it is right, ought
in past: ought to have been inf.- ed
orbis, orbis
globe
m
orbis terrae
the world
m
ordo, ordinis
class, body
m
perfero, -ferre, -tuli, -latum
to put up with
perniciosus/a/um
dangerous, destructive
pestis, -is
plague; destruction
f
pontifex, pontificis
priest
m
praetereo, -ire, -ivi (ii), -itum
to pass over
pridem
for a long time
privatus, -i
civilian, private citizen
m
quondam
at one time, formerly
adv
status, -us
situation, condition
m
studeo, studere, studui
to be eager for
w/ dat
supplicum, -i
punishment
n
vasto
to destroy
vehemens, -ntis
strong, forceful
vero
indeed
adv
acies, -ei
sharpness, edge
f
avus, avi
grandfather
m
confestim
immediately
adv
confirmo
to strengthen
consularis, -e
of consular rank
consultum, -i
decree
n
convenio, -ire, -veni, -ventum
it is fitting, proper
decerno, -ere, decrevi, decretum
to vote, decree
detrimentum, -i
loss, harm
n
detrimentum capere
to receive harm
hebesco, -ere
to grow dull
includo, -ere, -clusi, -clusum
to enclose
intercedo, -cedere, -cessi, -cessum
to pass
liberi, -orum
children
m pl
maiores, maiorum
ancestors
modus, -i
sort, type
m
num
___ didn't...did ___?
permitto, -ere, -misi, -missum
to entrust acc. to dat.
plebs, plebis
common people
f
praetor, -is
praetor
m
recondo, -ere, -condidi, -conditum
to hide, conceal
remoror
to wait on
sedito, seditionis
insurrection, rebellion
f
suscipio, -onis
suspicion
f
tabula, -ae
tablet, pl. (public) records
tribunus, -i
tribune
m
uti
ut
vagina, -ae
sheath, scabbard
f
verum
but
vicesimus/a/um
twentieth
adduco, -ere, -duxi, -ductum
to prompt, induce
adeo
all the way, right up to
adv
clemens, -ntis
merciful
colloco
to station, place
comprehendo, -ere, -prehendi, -prehensum
to seize, arrest
condemno
to find acc. guilty of gen.
conscripti
senators
cotidie
every day
adv
cresco, -ere, crevi, cretum
to grow, increase
dissolutus/a/um
irresponsible
Etruria, -ae
Etruria
f
fauces, faucium
pass (of a mountain)
f pl
iam pridem
long ago
adv
inertia, -ae
laziness, neglect
f
moenia, ium
walls of a city, defenses
n pl
molior, moliri, molitus sum
to try, attempt
nequitia, -ae
worthlessness
f
pernicies, -ei
destruction, threat
f
potius...quam
rather than
serius
too late
singuli/ae/a
each
pl
vereor, -eri, veritus sum
to fear, be afraid
verum
but
adhuc
up to this point
adv
amplius
more
audeo, -ere, ausus sum
to dare
auris, -is
ear
f
caedes, -is
slaughter, murder
f
coetus, -us
meeting
m
commoveo, -ere, -movi, -motum
to move, rouse
custodio, -ire, -ivi, -itum
to guard, watch over
erumpo, -ere, -rupi, -ruptum
to break out
etenim
and indeed, and really
exspecto
to wait for, await, expect
fateor, -eri, fassus sum
to admit, confess; to claim
firmus/a/um
secure, reliable
illustro
to reveal, disclose
improbus/a/um
wicked, shameless
incendium, -i
fire, pl arson
n
iure
rightly, justly
abl sg
licet, licere, licuit
it is permitted
muto
to change
nefarius/a/um
unspeakable, wicked
obliviscor, -i, -oblitus sum
to forget
w/ gen
obscuro
to cover up
obsessus/a/um
besieged, surrounded
oculus, -i
eye
m
paries, parietis
wall (of a house)
m
perditus/a/um
lost, corrupt
quam diu
as long as
recognosco, -ere, -cognovi, -cognitum
to recall, recount, review
sicut
just as
speculor
to watch
tenebrae, -arum
darkness
f pl
undique
from everywhere, on all sides
adv
ut
conj w/ indic: as, when
administer, -tri
assistant
m
admiror
to wonder at, admire
atrox, atrocis
cruel
ceteri/ae/a
the rest, everybody (everything) else
circumcludo, -ere, -clusi, -clusum
to shut in, surround
colonia, -ae
colony
f
condero, conferre, contuli, collatum
to assign
confido, -ere, -fisus sum
to trust, be confident
contentus/a/um
content, satisfied
diligentia, -ae
attention, energy
f
discessus, -us
departure, withdrawal
m
fallo, -ere, fefelli, falsum
to deceive
idem
likewise
adv
impetus, -us
attack
m
infitior
to deny, contradict
isussu
by order, at the command
abl sg
Kalandae, -arum
the first of the month
f pl
magis
more, rather
adv
memini, meminisse
to remember
w/ gen
molior, -iri, -molitus sum
to try, attempt
multo
by far, far
adv
November/bris/bre
of November
optimates, optimatium
the optimates, the aristocratic party
m pl
Praeneste, -is
Praeneste
n
princeps, principis
chief
princepes civiatis
leading citizens
profugio, -ere, -fugi
to flee, escape
reprimo, -ere, -pressi, pressum
to restrain, check
satelles, satellitis
attendant, accomplice
m or f
tam...quam
so much...as
verum
but
acrius
more harshly
adeo
even, in fact
amentia, -ae
madness, folly
f
apud
prep w/ acc of person:
at the house of
complures, compluria (complura)
several, many
convinco, -ere, -vici, -victum
to prove wrong
deligo, -ere, -legi, -lectum
to choose
discribo, -ere, -scripsi, -scriptum
to describe
distribuo, -ere, -tribui, -tributum
to divide, assign
eodem
in the same place
adv
exeo, -ire, -ii, -itum
to go out, leave
exitium, -i
ruin, destruction
n
falcarii, -orum
Scythemakers' Street (a neighborhood in Rome)
m pl
ferrum, -i
iron, sword
n
hic
here
adv
interitus, -us
ruin, death, destruction
m
lectus, -i
bed, couch
m
mora, -ae
delay
f
multo
far, much
adv
paulum, -i
a little bit
n
placet, placere, placuit
it is pleasing
polliceor, -eri, pollictus sum
to promise
prior, prius
before last
quidam, quaedam, quoddam (quiddam)
certain, some
reperio, -ire, -pperi, -pertum
to find
rogo
to ask
sententiam rogare
to ask the opinion of acc.
salus, salutis
safety
f
sententia, -ae
thought, opinion
f
statuo, -ere, statui, statutum
to decide
superior, -ius
before last
taceo, -ere, tacui, tacitum
to be quiet, silent
tandem
at length, finally
trucido
to slaughter, butcher
ubinam gentium
where in the world
una
together
vigilo
to be attentive
vulnero
to harm, offend