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25 Cards in this Set

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Define Sharcropping
When a landowner allows a sharecropper to use the land in return for a share of the crop produced on the land.
crops
What are Black Codes?
Laws passed prohibiting blacks to travel without permits, carrying weapons, serving on juries, testifying against whites , and marrying whites.
laws that restrict blacks
Why was the Freeman's Bureau important to African Americans in the South?
It was important b/c it helped blacks and poor whites get clothing, food, education, and shelter.
helps blacks and poor whites
What did the 13th Amendment do?
Abolish slavery
no slavery
Who were carpetbaggers?
Northerners who moved to the south after the war.
north moved to south
Define Sharcropping
When a landowner allows a sharecropper to use the land in return for a share of the crop produced on the land.
crops
What are Black Codes?
Laws passed prohibiting blacks to travel without permits, carrying weapons, serving on juries, testifying against whites , and marrying whites.
laws that restrict blacks
Why was the Freeman's Bureau important to African Americans in the South?
It was important b/c it helped blacks and poor whites get clothing, food, education, and shelter.
helps blacks and poor whites
What did the 13th Amendment do?
Abolish slavery
no slavery
Who were carpetbaggers?
Northerners who moved to the south after the war.
north moved to south
Why was Hiram Revels such an important figure?
1st African American senator
What made the Election of 1876 so significant?
1st time in history a candidate lost the popular election but still became president.
Describe the Panic of 1873?
Smaller banks closed, stock market collapsed, 89 railroads broke, 18,000 companies closed, five year economic depression, and 3 million workers lost their jobs.
Define Tenant farming
one who resides on and farms land owned by a landlord.
What was the 14th Amendment?
Makes all persons "born or naturalized in the U.S." Citizens.
Why was Andrew Johnson brought up on impeachment charges?
he was not carrying out his constitutional obligation to enforce the Reconstruction.
What was Lincolns policy for Reconstruction?
10 percent plan, souths return to the union, states in south would create a new government and gain representation in congress.
What was the Wade Davis Bill?
was a program proposed for the Reconstruction of the South written by two Radical Republicans, Senator Benjamin Wade of Ohio and Representative Henry Winter Davis of Maryland
What educational opportunities did Blacks have during Reconstruction?
they were able to go into schools to learn to read and write.
What role did the KKK play in the South?
They were a club that would terrorize blacks to keep their white supremacy alive in the South.
What job opportunities did free blacks have in the South?
sharecropping, tenant farming ,and plantation working or owning their small farms
What were some positives and negatives that Reconstruction offered to Blacks?
Positive:Education, government,freedom,and being a citizen.
Negative:KKK,segregation,40 acres and a mule,and plantations.
Who were Radical Republicans?
People who wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders and give Blacks full citizenship and the right to vote.
What was the 15th Amendment?
States that no one can be kept from voting because of " race,color or previous condition of servitude"
What did 40 acres and a mule mean?
when Gen. Sherman promised the freed slaves who followed his army 40 acres per family and the use of army mules.