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42 Cards in this Set

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seizure characterized by stiffening of the body followed by jerking of extremities
tonic-clonic seizure
seizure characterized by staring spell, usually in children
typical absence seizure
seizure characterized by staring spell with peculiar behavior during or confusion after seizure
atypical absence seizure
seizure characterized by basic symptoms that do not involve loss of consciousness and rarely last longer than 1 minute
simple partial seizure
seizure characterized by same as simple partial seizures but they do involve some loss of consciousness
complex partial seizure
seizure characterized by continuous seizure activity
status epilepticus
spontaneous recurring seizures caused by chronic condition
epilepsy
chronic progressive degenerative disorder of CNS characterized by demyelination of nerve fibers in brain & spinal cord
multiple sclerosis
progressive degenerative disease characterized by bradykinesia, muscle rigidity and tremor "Triad"
Parkinson's disease
autoimmune disease of neuromuscular junction characterized by fluctuating weakness of certain skeletal muscle groups
Myasthenia Gravis
rare progressive neurologic disorder characterized by loss of motor neurons
ALS - Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
genetically transmitted autosomal dominant disorder that affects men & women of all races
Huntington's Disease
Acute inflammation of meningeal tissues surrounding brain/spinal cord
meningitis
acute inflammation of brain
encephalitis
common anti-seizure meds
dilantin
phenobarbital
neurotin
topamax
ativan
valium
tegretol
depakote
klonopin
anti-seizure med that has s/e of gingival hyperplasia
dilantin
common side effects of anti-seizure meds
diplopia, drowsiness, ataxia, mental slowing
common drugs used for MS
corticosteroids
immunosuppressants
cholinergic
anticholinergic
muscle relaxants
CNS stimulants
antiviral
MS drugs used for exacerbation of symptoms
corticosteroids
immunosuppressants
used for urinary retention in MS
cholinergic
Urecholine
used for urinary frequency in MS
anticholinergics
Ditropan
used for spastic movements in MS
muscle relaxants
Valium
used for fatigue in MS
CNS Stimulant - Ritalin

Antiviral/anti-parkinsonian - Amantadine
Drug used for ALS
Rilutek
S/S of ALS
awkwardness of fine finger movements
Dysphagia
Fatigue
Muscle weakness in hands & feet
Interventions for ALS
monitor neurologic & respiratory status
Assess swallow & gag reflex
Monitor VS & I/O
Assist w/ROM exercises
S/S Huntington's Disease
Dementia
Abnormal muscle movements
Treatment for Huntington's Disease
Antidepressants (Prozac, Zoloft), antipsychotics (Thorazine, Haldol)
Supportive, protective TX
Interventions for Huntington's Disease
ADL's
Skin care
Bowel/Bladder care
Nutrition
S/S of Meningitis
chills, fever, H/A, malaise, photophobia, positive Brudzinski's sign (knees w/head movement), positive Kernig's sign (flex at hip), Nuchal Rigidity, N/V
Treatments for Meningitis
analgesics/antipyretics
antibiotics
Anticonvulsants (dilantin, phenobarbital)
Bed rest
Diuretic
hypothermia blanket
IV fluid admin
O2 therapy
Interventions for Meningitis
monitor neurologic function
monitor fluid balance
position client carefully
maintain quiet environment, dark room
S/S MS
nystagmus
diplopia
blurred vision
weakness
paresthesia
impaired sensation
paralysis
Treatment for MS
plasmapherisis (antibody removal)
cholinergics (Urecholine)
Prednisone, ACTH
Immunosuppressants
Muscle relaxers
Interventions for MS
Assess chgs in motor coordination, paralysis or MS weakness
Encourage verbilization of feelings
Establish bladder/bowel program
Maintain activity as tol
S/S Myasthenia Gravis
Dysphagia, drooling
Muscle weakness & fatigability
Muscles stronger in morning but weaken throughout the day
Test for Myasthenia Gravis
Tension test - relief of symptoms after med is admin = positive indication of disease
Interventions for Myasthenia Gravis
Monitor neurologic & respiratory status
Assess swallow/gag reflexes
Monitor for choking while eating
S/S Parkinson's Disease
pill-rolling tremors
rigidity
bradykinesia
Treatments for Parkinson's Disease
Antidepressants (Elavil)
Antiparkinson agents (Levdopa, Sinemet
Interventions for Parkinson's Disease
monitor neuro & resp status
reinforce gait training
reinforce independence of care
malnutrition - protein interferes w/levdopa
promote exercise
Simple neuro exam
Mental status (LOC- GCS & Orientation, Memory)
cranial nerves
motor function (hand grasp, pedal push)
pupillary response