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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Miracles of jesus
-Healed the sick
-Healed the paralyzed
-Raised the dead
-Turned water to wine
-Fed 5000 people on 5 loaves and 2 fish
-Walked on water
Paul
-Saul was a persecutor of Christianity
“Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?”
-He changed his name to Paul
-Known as the first theologian
-Great advocate of the faith
-Gentiles do not have to follow -Jewish law
-They have to know the “Good News”
Who favored Christianity?
Constantine
Gospels
-Writings by Jesus’ followers telling the sayings and stories of Jesus’ life
-Matthew
-Mark
-Luke
-John
Synoptic Gospels
First three books of new testament
-Mark
-Luke
-Matthew
Episcopos
(overseer, bishop) came to head the church
Presbyteroi
(elders, priests, presbyters) assisted bishop
Diakonoi
(servers, deacons) cared for the needy
Council of Nicaea in 325 CE
Christ is one substance with the Father
Council of Ephesus in 431 CE
affirmed Christ was always God
Council of Chalcedon in 451 CE
Affirmed that Christ is both True Man and True God
Grace
Strengthening and saving power, above all the power to believe or have faith, freely given by God or a transcendent source
Original sin
that all human beings are sinners and require God’s grace
Augustine
-Grace
-Original Sin
Roman Catholicism
-Pope
-Centralized teaching authority
-Devotion to Mother Mary
Sacraments
-Baptism
-Confirmation
-Penance
-Eucharist
-Marriage
-Ordination
-Unction
What is a Sacrament?
An event in which humans encounter the healing grace of the divine by means of a physical agent (sacramentals)
Baptism
incorporation into church (body of Christ); infants; water
Communion or Eucharist
most important sacrament ; Last Supper; bread & wine  body & blood
Confirmation
profession of faith and final initiation; oil
Holy Orders
deacon then priest (male only and celibate, Catholic & Orthodox); oil
Reconciliation (Confession)
exam conscience, confession, forgiveness, penance; priest as sacramental agent serves as Jesus
Anointing the Sick
gravely ill and dying; oil
Matrimony (Marriage)
man and woman become one for unity and procreation
Role of Mother Mary
-Immaculate Conception
-Virgin Birth
-Bodily assumption to heaven
Magisterium
teaching institution or tradition; made of College of Cardinals and all bishops in union with pope
Martin Luther – one of the most significant figures
Selling of Indulgences by Pope
In 1517 posted the Ninety-Five Theses on the door of the main church in Wittenberg
1521 – Luther was excommunicated and would have been hung except for Frederick III of Saxony
Translated New Testament into German and then Old Testament
Promoted services in the vernacular
John Calvin
Another great reformer
Doctrine of Predestination
“The Elect”
Stressed Bible alone and services in vernacular
Focus on inner calling, commitment, righteousness in work, hard work, individual responsibility.
Predestination led at times to prosperity as a sign of divine election
English Reformation
King Henry VIII
Split from Catholic Church
1534 Act of Supremacy
Beginning of Anglicanism
Basic Teachings Protestantism
Return to simple Christianity
Centrality of Jesus
Guidance of the Bible
Importance of faith
Direct relations to God
Individual judgment
Denominations
Lutheran
Methodist
Baptist
Pentecostal
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon)
Church of Christ, Scientist