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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
______ and _______ are the two ways which human experience can be described in the New Testament
inauthentic, authentic
What is the original meaning of existentialism and what has it come to mean today?
originally- attitude toward human life which places special emphasis on the immediate, real-life experiences of individuals.
It later came to be a movement (led by Kierkegaard) that stressed individual decision and an aweareness of the limits of human existence.
Compare and contrast deism and theism.
Deism is the view that asserts God's creatorship, and denies continuing divine involvement w/in creation.
Theism allows for continuting divine involvement within the world.
What are the three main features of metaphors that have attracted theological attention in recent decades?
First, metaphors imply similarity and dissimilarity between things being compared.
Second, they can't be reduced to definitive statements.
Third, they often have strong emotional overtones.
Who developed the theory of accomodation and how does he define it?
Calvin defines it as adjusting or adapting to meet the needs of the situation and the human ability to comprehend it.
What are the two contributions of Calivin to the Christian Church and how did they effect the Copernican debate?
First: encouraged the scientific study of nature.
Second: eliminated a major obstacle to the development of that study.
Succinctly describe the differences between reason and rationalism.
Reason: basic human faculty of things, based on argument and evidence; theologically neutral.
Rationalism: reliance on reason, concrete ideas; no weight given to divine revelation
Succinctly describe Lindbeck's approaches to doctrine.
cognitive-propositionalist: cognitive (mental) aspects of religion
experiential-expressive: noncognitive symbols of human feelings and attitudes.
cultural-linguistic: rule or regulative theory of doctrine
Christian _______ is the seek of eternal life.
hope
Succinctly describe the view of liberal protestants regarding evolution.
Evolutionary theories allowed theology to appreciate the specific way in which God was present and active within creation. Evolution not inconsistent w/divine providence, but it showed how providence operated.
T/F: According to Barth, creation is a theological event which can't be illuminated in the light of natural science.
True
Succinctly describe 3 of the philosophical systems which have had the greatest impact on Christianity.
platonism: patristic period
aristotelianism: middle ages
existentialism: Kirkegaard
Who was the most famous and influential theologian of the Middle Ages?
Thomas Aquinas
Succinctly describe Hume's criticisms dealing with the argument from design.
First: the direct extrapolation from observation of design in the world to a God who created it is not possible.
Second: suggesting a designer would lead to an infinite regression.
Third: validity of analogy.
The most significant contribution to classic evangelical understanding of faith was unquestionably make by ________.
Luther
What fundamental contributions to the emergence of natural sciences did Calvin make?
He positively encouraged the scientific study of nature and he eliminated a major obstacle to the development of that study.