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7 Cards in this Set

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Five Ways
A standard term for the five "arguments for the existence of God" associated with Thomas Aquinas.
Hesychasm
A tradition, especially associated with the eastern church, which places considerable emphasis upon the idea of "inner quietness" as a means of achieving a vision of God.
humanism
An intellectural movement linked with the European Renaissance. At the heart of the movement lay a new interest in the cultural achievements of antiquity. It was seen as a major resource for the renewal of European culture and Christianity during the Renaissance.
ontological argument
A term used to refer to the type of argument for the existance of God especially associated with the scholastic theologian Anselm of Canterbury. It claims that as God is greater than any other being that is conceivable, God must be greater than any being who exists only as an idea, so God must necessarily exist in reality.
scholasticism
A particular approach to Christian theology, associated especially with the Middle Ages, which lays emphasis upon the rational justification and systematic presentation of Christian theology.
Vulgate
The Latin translation of the Bible, largely deriving form Jerome, upon which medieval theology is based.
Gnostism
Secret knowledge; Good soul fallen into evil body, must escape and return to the place of the soul's origin.