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32 Cards in this Set

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COLD WAR
PERIOD OF Ideological CONFLICT, TENSION AND Competition BETWEEN THE U.S. AN U.S.S.R.
“BIPOLAR WAR”
WHEN YOU RATHER TAKE U.S.’S SIDE OR U.S.S.R.’S
UNITED NATIONS
INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING ORGANIZATION TO provide SECURITY TO THE NATIONS OF THE WORLD
IRON CURTAIN
BOUNDARY SEPARATING COMMUNIST NATION OF E. EUROPE FROM MOSTLY DEMOCRATIC NATIONS OF W. EUROPE
CONTAINMENT
U.S. TRIED TO STOP SPREAD OF COMMUNISM BY CREATING ALLIANCES AND HELPING WEAK COUNTIES TO RESIST SOVIET
TRUMAN DOCTRINE
U.S. POLICY GIVING ECONOMIC AND MILITARY AID TO FREE NATIONS THREATENED BY INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL OPPONENTS
Marshall Plan
U.S. program of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after ww2
Berlin aircraft
In response to soviet’s hostage of W.Berlin, U.S. and Britain sent food and supplies for nearly 11 months, soviet gave up and removed boundaries
NATO
North Atlantic treaty organization defensive military alliance formed by 10 W. Europeans nations, the U.S., and Canada
Warsaw pact
Military alliance formed by soviet and 7 e. European countries
Brinkmanship
The policy of a nation that pushes a dangerous situation to the limits of safety (the “brink”) before pulling back
Great leap forward
goal
facts
failures
GOAL
-5 year plan to increase agriculture and industry
FACTS
-State set production quotas
-Communes created
-Work points
FAILURES
–lacked technical experience
-Poor quality
-Poor planning
-unrealistic goals
-Crop failures and famine
goal 1
facts 2
failure 4
Communes
collective farms which a great # of people work and live together
Red Guard
militia forms by young Chinese people in respond to Mao’s call for social and Cultural Revolution
Cultural rev :
goals
Goals
-Renew revolutionary spirit and Marxism
-Establish more equitable society of peasants and workers
-Eliminate intellectual and artistic activity
-Reeducate and purify those who resist
4
38th parallel
DMZ parallel separated North Korea (democratic People’s Republic or Korea) (Kim 2 sung) (Soviet) from South Korea (Republic or Korea) (Syngman Rhee) (U.S.)
Domino theory
idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control
17th parallel
DMZ parallel that separated North Vietnam (ho chi minh) (Democratic of Vietnam) from South Vietnam (Ngo Dinh Diem) (Republic of Vietnam)
Vietminh
fought for Vietnam's independence against the Japanese during WWII and against the French in the Indochina War - by ho chi
Vietcong
Ngo Dinh Diem, emerged these communist guerillas (South Vietnam)

fought against the American invasion during viet war
Gulf of Tonkin
-North Vietnam attack U.S. Maddox
-U.S. begins involvement in defense of South Vietnam
2
Vietnamization
pull out of U.S. troops as South Vietnam troops increase
cold war's " Multiple fronts"
-Espionage and diplomacy
-Technology competition (space race)
-Conventional and nuclear arms race
-Propaganda
-Proxy wars
-Economic competition
6
US'S AND USSR'S OBJECTIONS
Since U.S.S.R. troops died more than the U.S., the U.S.S.R. tried to shield themselves from another invasion. He installed secured communist governments. However U.S.’s goal is to stop the spread of communism. In response to U.S.S.R.’s action, emerged Truman’s policy of containment.
how did ussr and us's differences contribute to the cold war?!
These differences only worsened USSR’s and US’s relationship. It only increased their excuses to find another technique to prove they are better than another.
Leaders and major points/ agreements made at Yalta and Potsdam conferences
Yalta
-terms of Germany’s unconditional surrender
-plan for division of Germany and Berlin
-free elections in E. Europe nations
-creation of United Nations

Potsdam
-terms of German surrender
- Demilitarization, Denazification, Democratization, Decartelization
-Germany and Berlin formally divided into 4 occupational zones
-return of all German annexed lands
Yalta 4
Potsdam 4
pro / con of Truman doctrine
PRO
-build alliance
-stop spread of communism
CON
-bankrupt us
key indivudual roles of US, USSR, China, outcome, causes/effects of the Chinese Civil War
ussr : supplied ccp
nationalist:defected troops, suffered economically
outcome: ccp won
key indivudual roles of US, USSR, China, outcome, causes/effects of the Korean War
4 PHASES-
1: N.KOREA INVADES S.KOREA AND PUSHED END TO PENINSULA
2: U.N. FORCES PUSHBACK N.KOREA TROOPS
3: CHINA&NK FORCES PUSH UN&SK TROOPS BACK
4: CEASE FIRE

outcome: stalemate
key indivudual roles of US, USSR, China, outcome, causes/effects of the Vietnam War
CHINA - SUPPLIED TROOPS,SUPPLIES
SOVIET - SUPPLIES, AVISORS
outcome : SV defeated, viet reunited under communist rule, renamed saigon->ho chi minh city
why and what exucse led americans involvement into the vietnam war and the disadvantages the US faced?
WHY ?!
-Domino Theory
EXCUSE
-Gulf Of Tonkin Incident
PROBS
-unprepared for guerilla warfare
-US presense become very unpopular
-underestimate Viet. desire for independence
- waning support at home
probs - 4
Cause of them 3 wars
chinese civil war
vietnam war
korean war
chinese : jiang jieshi begun elimination of CCP
viet: fight btwn viet and france for vietnam
korea:disagreements of appeasement, communism and reunification