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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Interdict
Fdg prests to give the sacraments in a region
Controversy between Henry IV and Gregory VII.
Both wanted to appoint the bishop
Cistercian Order
Unhappy monks who thought the code of law by St.Benedict was too lenient
Hildegard of Bingen
German nun head of covenant
Franciscan Order
Founded by St.Francis of Assissi and returned to simplicity
Dominican Order
Founded by Dominic de Guzman, defends the Catholic church's teachings
Heresy
Holding religious doctrines differentfrom the orthodox church
Inquisition
Court that found and tried heretics
5 Sufferings of a heretic
1.Burned at stake
2.Public humiliation
3.Seized and Divided property
4.Flogging
5.Tortured
7 Sacraments
1.Baptisim
2.MArriage in church
3.Communion
4.Penance
5.Conformation
6.Holy orders
7.Last rights
Saints
Mean & women who had achieved a special place in heaven
Highly regarded saint?
Virgin Mary
Relics
Bones of saints worthy of worship
3 Universities of Europe
University of Paris & Bologna and Oxford University
1st degree?
2nd degree?
Bachelor of arts
Master of Arts
Theology
Study of religion and god
Vernacular
language used ina particular region: Spanish, French, German, English
Basilica
rectangular buildings with flat wooden roofs
Romaneque VS Basilica
Rounded stone vaults
2 barrel vaults
cross vault
Cathedrals with pointed arches
Gothic cathedrals
Community of Builders of a Church
Stone maison-craftspeople
Master maison-design
Peasants-unskilled labor
Nobles-Money
Cause of Black PLague...
black rat's fleas
Flagellant
People who beat themselves to gain forgiveness
Abbot Suger
Wants a different type of church---tall with lots of light
Why was stianed glass introduced? An what was it called?
For the illiterate---"Bible For the Poor"
Taille
annual direct tax for propert and land
Jews at Strasbourg?
Burned for "causing the epidemic"
Boniface VIII VS Phlip IV
Philip believed he had the right to charge taxes to the clergy but Biniface said only the pope
Major chagof the papacy in 1305?
Lived in Avignon
Great Schism
two popes of a different location
How did it end
Both fired and new elected by the council
John Hus
Leader of Czech refmed--end of the corruption of clergy and papacy
Henry V
Achieved victory at Agincourt
Dauphin
eldest on of the king of France
Louis XI
AKA Spider, imposed the taille
War or Roses
York VS Lancaster
Henry VII started a new line---Tudor
Ivan III
Russian ruler that annexed Russian territories and rid the Mongols
Manor
lord's estate
Serf
peasant tied to the land
Farm improvements:(3)
3 Field system
Heavy iron plow
Horses rather than oxen---horse collar
Carrucea
heavy iron plow
English resident:
German:
French:
Burgess
Burgher
Buorgeoisie
100 yr War
England VS France
France seized Gascony
Battle of Crecy
English win with their longbows