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38 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Renaissance
rebirth of both intellectual and artistic achievements
Locations of three major urban movements
Florence
Milan
Venice
Rich nobles of medieval times
merchants
Dante
"Divine Comedy"
"Modern Italian"
Inferno-"Abandon all hope, ye who enter here"
Petrarch
"Father of Humanism"
Writing is direct and pure
Giotto
*Painted from the heart
*Paints frescoes
4 Values of the Renaissance
1.Celebrate the individual
2.Critical thinking
3.Enjoyment of worldly pleasures
4.Love of Classical Learning
What are the new artforms that developed during the Renaissance period?
biographies-literature
portraits&selfportraits-art
Castiglione
*Wrote The Courtier (The ideal noble)
What city is the artistic leader?
Florence
Powerful Florence family that dictated behind the scences
Medici
Lorenzo
patron of the arts
Ghiberti
Bronze doors
Brunelleschi
*Builds church @ San Lorenzo
*Dome of the church--"baptistry"
Donatello
Freestanding statue of David that mocked that of Michelangelo's
Masaccio
*"Father of Modern Art"
*New technique of perspective
Perpesctive
Illusion of depth of paper
Machiavelli
*wrote The Prince
-appear to have all the qualities although he may not have them
Jan Van Eyck
"Giovanni and His Bride"
Genius at woodcuts
Who are the 3 Giants and their accomplishments?
1.Da Vinci:Renaissance man, Mona Lisa, and Lord's Supper
2.Rapael:"School of Athens" Sistine chapel,Virgin Mary
3.Michelangelo-Statue of David,pieta,Sistine Chapel
3 townspeople
Patricians
Petty burghers
Burghers
3 authors of Vernacular literature
Dante
Rabelais
Chaucer
Characteristics of humanism
individualism
humanism
2 major art developments
perspective
moevement/human anatomy
Erasmus
reformer of Catholic faith
Believed in faith and rejected outward feelings of religion
Praise of Folly
Eramus's work that critisized his society, especially monks because he thought that they thought they were better than everyone else and perfect
John Tetzell
Apposed to indulgences
2 sacraments Luther kept
Lord's Supper
7 Sacraments
John Gutenburg
movable type
Why did luther turn against the Catholic church?
For the seeling of indulgences
Papal Bull
Paper from pope telling Luther to stop or be excommunicated and is
Diet of Worms
Parliament of HRE
Edict of Worms
No one can sell print or publish Luther's works OR give him shelter
Peace of Augsburg
*ends war of Lutherans VS Catholic church
*accepts religion
*religion of state chosen by ruler
John Knox
Calvanist reformer
John Calvin
believes in predestination
HEnry VIII's wives fates
divorced beheaded died divorced beheaded survived
Council of Trent
clerical celibacy
magnificient churches ok
selling indulgences forbidden