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38 Cards in this Set

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Used for bleeding or hemorrhage: vomiting blood, nosebleed, coughing up blood, blood in the stool, blood in the urine, excessive menstruation, uterine bleeding, or bleeding associated with trauma.
If bleeding is d/t reckless movement of hot blood, herbs that cool blood are used. If bleeding is d/t yin deficiency w/ ascendant yang, herbs that tonify yin and anchor yang herbs are used. Blood stasis can be a factor in bleeding, in which case herbs that invigorate blood are used.
Stop Bleeding Herbs
These herbs tx blood stasis, associated w/ the flow of blood that is blocked, or retarded: pain d/t blood stasis, abscesses and ulcers, and abdominal masses.
There are 2 types of abdominal masses: hard, palpable, immobile masses and visible mobile masses.
Invigorate Blood Herbs
Western - Qi is regarded as an expression of the physiological activity of the tissues.
Ex: dysfunction of the gastrointestinal system cx pain.
Caution - Aromatic and dry in nature, so long-term use may injure the yin. These herbs may also disperse Qi, caution for Qi def patients. Most of these herbs contain volatile oils, decoct no longer than 15 minutes.
Regulate Qi Herbs
Major s/s are: epigastric & abdominal distention, pain, belching, gas, acid regurgitation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation.
Regulate Qi Herbs (Spleen & Stomach Qi Stagnation)
Stifling sensation in the chest, flank pain, loss of appetite, depression, irritability, hernia pain, irregular menses, swollen tender breasts.
Regulate Qi Herbs (Liver Qi Stagnation)
Coughing, wheezing w/ labored breathing, stifling sensation in the chest.
Regulate Qi Herbs (Lung Qi Stagnation)
Organs most affected are Sp and Lu, b/c these 2 organs primarily responsible for the extraction of Qi from food and air, as well as transporting it throughout the body. These herbs are also good for treating patterns of blood deficiency.
Caution - These herbs are cloying, sweet and rich, so combine them w/ small amounts of herbs that move and regulate Qi.
Tonify Qi Herbs
These herbs nourish the blood. The organs most affected are the Heart and Liver, which direct and store blood, respectively.
Western - Anemia, psychosomatic disorders, heart failure, or chronic hepatitis. Some herbs in the category stimulate the production of blood cells. Most of them strengthen the body & improve nutrition, by indirectly increasing the number of circulating blood cells. They are not very effective when used alone, so use them with yin tonics.
Caution - They are cloying in nature, so overuse can cx indigestion. To avoid, add herbs that strengthen the Stomach.
Tonify Blood Herbs
Primarily used for Kidney, Spleen, Heart.
Western - Disorders of the endocrine system and thyroid. Measurements can increase to normal ranges as symptomology improves. These herbs regulate the adrenal cortex, promote sexual function & growth, strengthen resistance, and regulate metabolism.
Tonify the Yang Herbs
Caution - These herbs are warm and dry. These herbs can damage yin and assist fire, not for patients with yin deficiency and fire.
Tonify the Yang Herbs
Western - Splenomegaly, abdominal or pelvic tumors of various etiologies, or cysts.
Invigorate Blood Herbs
Caution - Yin tonics are generally sweet, cold, enriching and cloying. Be careful of Sp/St def, internal obstruction of dampness or phlegm, abdominal distention or diarrhea.
Tonify Yin Herbs
Sweet, cold, enriching, cloying, and they nourish, nurture, moisten, and w/ other herbs, transform phlegm, moisten intestines, generate fluids, alleviate thirst, calm spirit, tonify blood, stop bleeding, or increase a patient's strength. These herbs treat Lungs, Stomach, Liver, and Kidneys
Tonify Yin Herbs
Used for diarrhea, excessive urination, excessive sweating, and prolapse of the uterus or rectum. Such problems are usually related to weakness d/t old age or iatrogenic causes, such as improper diet.
Stabilize & Bind Herbs
Most of these herbs are sour and astringent, so some are used to stop sweating or chronic diarrhea; another group treats polyuria or abnormal discharge from the LJ; another group has a strong action or stopping cough. Some of these herbs control bleeding, particularly from the vagina.
Stabilize & Bind Herbs
Western - Derangement in the ANS, or weakening of the elasticity of smooth muscle slings.
Caution - Not suitable for unresolved exterior conditions, damp internal stagnation, or heat constraint.
Stabilize & Bind Herbs
Bitter and cold with strong heat-clearing properties. They are used for constipation d/t the accumulation of heat.
Purgatives
(nuts or seeds) - lubricates the intestines. They are mild, so they can be used for weak and elderly patients, febrile disease, or childbirth.
Moist laxatives
Strong to induce pronounced diarrhea. Some of these herbs are diuretics, which are useful for treating pleurisy and ascites. B/c of their violent effect, they are only used in very severe cases.
Harsh expellants (cathartics)
These herbs are used for constipation d/t stagnation of fluids in the thoracic or abdominal cavities, or d/t poor water metabolism. They drive out excess water.
Cathartic Herbs
Western - Patients that have pleurisy or ascites.
Caution - These can injure the yin and qi; take care in prescribing these herbs.
Cathartic Herbs
Western - These are for patients w/ generally diminished intestinal function or weak peristalsis.
Purgative Herbs
Constipation d/t accumulation of heat - Febrile disease enters yang-ming or Qi stage of the body. In these cases, you would clear heat and drain fire. Think of these herbs as having antibiotic functions by helping the body expel toxins.
Purgative Herbs
Constipation d/t accumulation of cold - These are usually systemic cold symptom, so add herbs that warm interior cold.
Purgative Herbs
Western - These herbs are referred to as diuretics.
Caution - In patients w/ yin deficiency or depleted fluids.
Drain Dampness Herbs
Accumulation of fluids in the body (edema, congested fluids), esp edema below the waist and lower extremities. To tx acute edema, combine w/ exterior releasing herbs. For chronic edema, combine w/ herbs that tonify Qi and Yang of the Sp & Kd.
Drain Dampness Herbs
Herbs used for painful obstruction in the muscles, sinews, joints, and bones, alleviate painful obstruction, and invigorate the connecting channels. The selection of the herbs is based on the nature of the disorder, the site of pain, the age and constitution of the patient, and the stage of the illness.
Dispel Wind-Damp Herbs
Since this is a chronic complaint, these herbs are usually given in tincture form (the alcohol used in the tinctures has a moving effect). Most are aromatic, warm, and drying in nature, and could injure the yin and blood. Combine these herbs w/ other modalities, like topical application of medicinal plasters, liniments, massage, and acupuncture, to treat the painful obstruction.
Dispel Wind-Damp Herbs
Western - Dampness is often caused by food poisoning, or other acute digestive disorders, such as gastroenteritis.
Caution - Acrid, warm, aromatic, dry: could potentially exhaust Qi and injure yin.
Aromatic Herbs that Transform Dampness
Distention and fullness in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting or spitting up sour fluids, absence of thirst, loss of appetite, diarrhea with some difficulty in defecation, headache or body aches, greasy tongue coating that is either white or yellow, soggy (soft) pulse. The value is that they revive the Spleen w/ their fragrance.
Aromatic Herbs that Transform Dampness
These herbs treat cough, scrofula, goiter, and convulsions.
Western - These herbs have expectorant, antitussive, anti-inflammatory, and sedative properties.
Herbs that Cool and Transform Phlegm-Heat.
These herbs are mostly warm, strong and can be toxic. Care is required to ensure they are properly prepared.
Herbs that Transform Cold-Phlegm
In Chinese Medicine, these herbs treat the "manifestation," or symptoms. For this reason, they should be combined w/ other herbs that treat the "root" cause of the problem.
Western - They have antitussive, expectorant, antibiotic, diuretic, and laxative effects.
Herbs That Relieve Coughing and Wheezing
Treatment principle - Open the Lungs and transform phlegm.
Phlegm in the Lungs - Coughing, wheezing, stifling sensation in chest, or pain in ribs.
Treatment principle - Harmonize the Stomach & transform phlegm.
Phlegm in the Stomach - Nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, epigastric distention; sometimes w/ cough.
Treatment principle - Soften the hardness and reduce the phlegm.
Phlegm stagnant in the channels - Goiter, scrofula.
Treatment principle - Disperse wind and expel phlegm.
Turbid phlegm obstructs the orifice of the Heart - Wind-stroke, coma, lockjaw, contracted limbs, cerebral vascular accident, and certain seizure disorders.
Western - Chronic lymphadenitis and simple goiter.
Caution - For patients w/ hemoptysis, b/c these herbs intensely stimulate the lungs. During the early stage of measles, you need herbs that spread Lung Qi, so warm and binding herbs should not be used.
Herbs that Tranform Phlegm & Stop Cough.