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15 Cards in this Set

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Siddhartha Gautama
Founder of Buddhism, The Buddha (6th c BC?)
Samsara
reincarnation, multiple lives
Karma
record of good deeds
Nirvana
enlightenment, extinction of the bad
sangha
church that buddha organized his disciples into
darma
discipline of buddhist monks, the duties towards good kharma
paranirvana
death when cycle of lives has ended, beyond human comprehension, enlighenment
Theravada (Hinayana)
Buddhist sect in which monks seek personal enlightenment, beggers, not everyone can achieve enlightenment, but can work towards it by helping monks
Mahayana
Primary sect of buddhism that reaches china just as it is starting up; iconographic, many buddhas (Amitaba, buddha of paradise--pure land; future Buddha = Maitreya; etc.), all can achieve nirvana, four sects
Bodhisattva
mahayana being that altruistically refrains from nirvana to help others along the way to enlightenment
Han Mingdi
1st century emperor that dreams about buddhism and sends Xuanzang to india to bring it back
Sutra
cannonical writings/records of buddha's sermons
Xiongnu
northern tribe; declares that it is okay for chinese converts to enter monasteries
Kumarajiva
300s ad translator that brings buddhism to chinese people
Lotus Sutra
primary text of the Mayahana sects, focuses onthe final revelations that all people can achieve nirvana