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14 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Great Leap Forward
-Attempt launched by Mao to heighten economic productivity dramatically in china through mass organization and the inspiration of revolutionary fervor among the people
-Exaggerated reports of the success of the policies (collectivization of peasants and decentralization of industrial production) temporarily masked the actual economic disaster and widespread famine brought by this
-failed! ended in disaster with many deaths which pushed mao to the side lines
-large scale enterprises that demanded advanced techniques, managerial skills and application of electric power
-The farmer that gave land over to be a collective now became a salary employee and his title to his land was voided
Nikita Khrushchev
-Leader of the USSR
-Tension with Mao
-denounced Stalin as a criminal in a famous speech in 1956
-developed his theory called “peaceful co existance” –> it was possible for the communist block to exist peacefully with the western world
outer mongolia
-one of the problems between china and the USSR
-Chinese accepted the ? of outer mongolia but were not comfortable with the outer boundaries
-Made by combining the already existing collectives.
-Divded into production bergrades each corresponding to the size of a village and these were divided into production team
-Intended to function as Chinas political, economic and social units integrating all aspects of the lives of their members.
-Represented an attempt to build new large scale communities
-They turned out to be too large, their size was reduced so by the end of the great leap forward, the # of communes had almost tripled to 74,000 with a corresponding decrease in the size of membership.
Sino-Soviet Split
-Soviet removed its experts and advisors working in China
-Mao refused to join a meeting of all the communist parties called for by the Sov Union
-Zhou Enlai attended a later meeting but walked out of it
"backyard furnaces"
small makeshift furnaces that were set up but they weren’t able to turn out iron and steal of acceptable standards
Liu Shaoqi
-Soviet-educated communist organizer and theorist
-author of "How to be a Good Communist"
-1960s-- recognized as Mao's successor to party leadership but was severley criticized as a "capitalist roader" and was purged from the party during the Cultural revolution
Lin Biao
-military leader who helped to transform the PLA into a conventional modern army
-1959--succeeded Peng Dehuai as minister of defense
-1969--named Mao's successor
Peng Dehuai
-Minister of Defense (and head of the People's Liberation Army) at the time of the Great Leap Forward (1958-60)
-As the the consequences of the GLF unfolded and, to some degree, even before then, Peng Dehuai made the misstep of publicly criticizing the effort
-For this transgression, despite his loyal service to Mao up until that time, Peng was unceremoniously denounced and dismissed and replaced by Lin Biao (1907-71).

-Peng's demise became the subject of a popular play, written by {Wu Han} -- {Hai Rui Dismissed from Office}, and thus Peng became a symbol of the tragic fate that could befall anyone unwise enough to cross Mao.
-"downward transfer"
-at the end of the GLF
-to learn from the masses (the government went to communes), and to put in their share of manual labor
-Continued because Mao had a feeling for the masses
Chen Yun
-1949--CCP's foremost economic planner
-helped orchestrate china's economic recovery after the GLP
"two-line struggle"
-further development of the struggle between reds and experts
Deng Xiaoping
-Rose to high positions in the Central Comittee during the 1950s and 60s
-1980-- replaced Hua Guofeng as premier
-instrumental in implementing the Four Modernizations and crushing the 1989 democracy protests