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14 Cards in this Set

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Kang Youwei
-leader of reform movement
-believed that confucious was a seer who cast his message in subtle meanings
-had a vision of a future utopia where the whole world would be united under one peaceful government
Tan Sitong
younger follower of Kang Youwei who was executed by the empress after she took control from guangxu
Liang Qichao
younger follwer of Kang Youwei who escaped with him from Dowager and he became an influential political writer
Guangxu
-supported Kang Youwei's vision
-aided the reform effort in an attempt to assert himself and to shake off the control of his aunt (Dowager)
-issued an edict in 1898, with his intention to reform the government
Hundred Days Reform
-began by efforts of Kang Youwei and support of Guangxu
-entire government of China was revamped
-Manchu quotas were to be abolished, reduplication of governerships eliminated, Buddhist monistaries nationalized, examination system was to be changed to test knowledge of current affairs, and suggestion to replace army and civil ministries with new things
Ronglu
right hand man of the empress; Manchu leader
Yuan Shikai
He was solicited to moves his soldiers to strike against ronglu and the empress but he revealed the plan to her instead of acting
Shandong
-experienced famine. This was hard hit in aug. 1898 when the yellow river spilled over its banks flodding 5,000 miles of northern plane. Also faced demobilized green bannered soldiers, looted and pillaging, professional convoymen skilled in martial arts supplemented their income as peddlers of foreign goods by turning to banditry, daoist magicians took over temple courtyards to train malitiamen and enrolled women into military unites,
-formed anti foreign groups.
Jiaozhou Bay
in shandong
Yihe quan (Righteous and harmonious fists; Boxers united in righteousness)
-Most notorious leader of the boxer movement
-captured and decapitated by Yuxian
Yuxian
-killed Yihe quan
-made an alliance with left Boxers and changed slogans into anti-foreign slogans instead of anti-ching slogans
Prince Duan
-Violently pro boxer stance
-believed that the boxers were endowed with magical powers and they would save the dynasty by driving out the foreigners
Zongli Yamen
-Ministry of foreign affairs.
-Prince Duan assumed leadership.
-All dealings of foreigners were to go through this.
Boxer Protocol
-forced Chinese to make public apologies for Boxer incidents
-dismanteled the fortifications between Dagoo and Beijing
-punished 9 top officials by exile, suicide, or execution (Yuxian and Prince Duan).
-Forced China to pay reparations that amounted to nearly one billion taels