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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the Dynastic Cycle?
The rise and fall of Chinese dynasties.
Describe the Dynastic cycle.
The New Dynasty claims the mandate of heaven.

THE NEW DYNASTY: restores peace, appoints loyal officials, redistributes land to peasants, builds canals, irrigation systems and roads, and repairs defensive walls.

After several generations, the new dynasty becomes an aging dynasty.

THE AGAING DYNASTY: neglects government duties, ignores corrupt officials, loses control of the provinces, imposes heavy taxes to pay for luxeries, and allows defensive awlls to decay.

aging dynasty loses the mandate of heaven

Problems include: floods, famine, earthquakes, invasions, armed bandits in the provinces, and peasant revolts.
What is the relation between the dynastic cycle and the mandate of heaven?
To the chinese, problems in the dynastic cycle indicate that a ruler had lost the mandate of heaven.
Describe the Tang dynasties includiing the tributary states, importance of education, and expansion of the middle kingdom.
tributary states: Vietnam, Korea, and Tibet

Importance of education: to get into the gentry class

Expansion of the middle kingdom: became the center of the world
Describe the song dynasty, including the golden age, surplus of rice, and social structure.
Golden age: better ships, porcelain, paper money, million plus population.

surplus of rice: 2 rice crops a year

social structure: by using education, you can get to the top.
Describe the Yuan Dynasty, including Kublai Khan, areas of control, confucianism and its effects, role of women, and visitors.
Kublai Khan: grandson of Genghas Khan
areas of control: China, Tibet, Korea, and Vietnam.

Role of women: expanded due to Mongol influence

Visitors: Marco Polo, Ibn Battuta
Describe the Ming dynasty, including "pure government", eploration and purpose of Zheng He.
"Pure government": based on confucian principles.

Exploration and purpose of Zheng He: 1465-1433: coast of Asia and West Coast of Africa
Describe the organization and movement of Chinese Society.

Court: official over every province and country

Gentry: Scholar-officials/landowners.

Peasants:village leader, council of elders, government service

Merchants: if they purchace land, they can get to the gentry class.
What are the four schools of thought?
confucianism, taoism, lagalism, and buddhism.
Describe confucianism: founder, five basic relationships, and major purpose
founder: Confucius

Five basic relationships: ruler/subject, parent/child, husband/wife, older bro./younger bro.,

Major purpose: concerned with life on Earth, order in society.
Describe Taoism: founder, philosophy and religion, Ying and yang, technological developments.
founder: Lao Tze

Philosophy and religion: simplicity; meditation; closeness with nature

Ying and Yang: good and bad

technological developments: gunpowder, astronomy, magnetic compass, chemistry, botany.
Describe legalism: founder, Opinion of human nature, why punishment is used.
founder: Han Fei Tza

opinion of human nature: people cannot be trusted/very low

why punishment: to ensure stability
Describe Buddhism: founder, where it originated, four noble truths, and nirvana.
founder: buddha, Sidd Hartha

Where it originated: Gautama, India

Four noble truths:
missery and suffering are universal,
cause of misery is desire,
escape from want and desire ends suffering,
follow the middle way.

nirvana: a state of enlightenment.