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24 Cards in this Set

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THE BONY THORAX CONSISTS OF
-1 STERNUM, ANTERIORLY
-2 CLAVICLES,
-2 SCAPULAE
-12 RIBS & 12 THORACIC VERT.
The 2 important bony landmarks of the thorax that are used for locating the CR on a PA & AP chest projection
Vertebra Prominens and
Jugular notch
List the 3 divisions of the structure located proximall to the larynx that serve as a common passageway for both food and air
-nasopharynx
-oropharynx
-laryngopharynx
is seen in the anterior portion of the neck and is found just below the tongue or floor of the mouth.
hyoid bone
if a person accidentally inhales a food particle, which bronchus is it most likely to enter, and why?
-Right bronchus
-b/c it is larger in diameter and more verticle
is the small air sacs located at the distal ends of the bronchioles, in which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged in the blood
alveoli
central area in which bronchi and blood vessels enter the lungs
hilum (hilus)
the 3 parts of the aorta are the
ascending aorta, arch, and descending aorta
list 3 reasons why chest radiographs should be taken with the patient in the erect position
-allow diaphragm to move down
-visualizes air & fluid level
-prevents engorgement & hyperemia of pulmonary vessel
one of the most common inherited diseases
cystic fibrosis
condition most frequently associated with congestive heart failure
pulmonary edema
coughing up blood
hemoptysis
accumulation of air in pleural cavity
pneumothorax
accumulation of pus in pleural cavity
empyema
a form of pneumoconiosis
silicosis
bacterium
tuberculosis
irreversible dilation of bronchioles
bronchiectasis
most common form is emphysema
in severe cases
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
acute or chronic irritation of bronchi
bronchitis
collapse of all or portion of lung
atelectasis
inflammation of pleura
pleurisy
to prevent the clavicles from obscuring the apices on an AP projection of the chest the CR should be angled
caudad, perperdicular to the sternum
which specific position would be used if a patient were unable to stand but the physician suspected the patient had fluid in the left lung
left lateral decubitus
what position would certain studies of the heart benefit from
left anterior oblique w/ a rotation of 60 degrees