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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sublimation
solid --> gas
deposition
gas--> solid
condensation
gas --> liquid, exothermic
vaporization
liquid --> gas, endothermic
dipole-dipole forces
polar molecules line up with + and - ends attracting eachother
H bond
a strong dipole-dipole attraction only between H and N, O or F
London Dispersion forces
very weak momentary attractions between temporary dipoles
adhesive forces
concave meniscus
cohesive forces
convex meniscus
unit cell
smallest repeating unit in latice structure (crystalline solids)
molarity
M= moles solute/ L solution
molality
m= moles solute/ kg solevnt
mass %
mass solute/mass solution x 100%
mole fraction
moles A/ total moles
solvent
larger component of solution
solute
smaller component of solution
saturated
solution w/ max amount of solute
unsaturated
solution w/ less than max amount of solute
Super-saturated
More than than max amount of solute, typically from temp increase
concentrated
relatively large amount of solute
dilute
relatively small amount of solute