Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/45

Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hydrocarbon
an organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
Alkane
a hydrocarbon that has only single bonds
straight chain Alkane
an alkane that has all its carbons connected in a row
branched chain Alkane
an alkane that has at least one branching connections of carbons
Isomers
compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures
Constitutional Isomers
compounds with the same molecular formula but different connections among their atoms
conformation
the specific three dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule at a given instant
Alkene
a hydrocarbon that contains carbon-carbon double bond
saturated
a molecule whose carbon atoms bond to the maximum number of hydrogen atoms
unsaturated
a molecule that contains a carbon-carbon double bond (or a carbon-carbon triple bond)
Alkyne
a hydrocarbon that contains a carbon-carbon triple bond
cycloalkene
a cyclic hydrocarbon that contains a double bond and it contains a ring of carbon atoms
aromatic
the class of compounds containing benzene like rings
resonance
the phenomena where the true structure of a molecule is an average among 2 or more conventional structures
what is the number of carbons that Methane has?
1
what is the number of carbons that Ethane has?
2
what is the number of carbons that Propane has?
3
what is the number of carbons that Butane has?
4
what is the number of carbons that Pentane has?
5
what is the number of carbons that Hexane has?
6
shell
a region of space around the nucleus where electrons are found
orbital
a region of space around the nucleus of an atom that can hold up to two electrons
valence shell
the outermost (highest energy) shell of an atom that contains electrons
valence electrons
outer shell electrons
lewis structure
the symbol of the chemical element surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of electron in teh outer or valence shell
nonpolar covalent bond
one in which the difference in electronegativities are b/t bonded atoms are less than 0.5
polar covalent bond
one in which the difference in electronegativities is b/t 0.5 and 1.9
electronegativity
is a measure of the force of an atom's attraction for electrons that shares in a chemical bond with another atom
alkyl group
a substituent group derived from an alkane by removal of a hydrogen atom
alcohol
a compound that has an -OH group bonded to a saturated, alkane like carbon atom, R-OH
phenol
a compound that has -OH group bonded directly to an aromatic, benzene like ring, AR-OH
ether
a compound that has an oxygen atom bonded to 2 organic groups, R-O-R
organic oxidation of carbon
an increase in the number of bonds from carbon to oxygen
lone pair
a pair of electrons that is not used for bonding
carbonyl compound
any compound that contains a carbonyl group C=O
carbonyl group
a functional group that has a carbon atom joined to an oxyen by a double bond
aldehyde
a compound that has carbonyl group bonded to one carbon and one hydrogyen, RCHO
ketone
a compound that a carbonyl group bonded to 2 carbons of organic groups that can be the same or different, R2C=O or RR'C=O
carboxylic acid
a compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to a carbon atom (of an organic group) and an OH- group, RCOOH
ester
a compound that has carbonyl group bonded to the carbon of an organic group and an OR- group where R is another organic group, RCOOR, or RCOOR
esterification
the reaction b/t an alchol and a carboxylic acid to yield an ester plus water
amines
a compound that has one or more organic groups bonded to a nitrogen
amino
the -NH2 functional group
heterocyclic compounds
a compound with a ring structure that contains within the ring some atom other than carbon, typically nitrogen
amide
a compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to a carbon atom and to a nitrogen atom group, RCONR