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37 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
acetylene
C2H2
linear b/c of the triple bond between the C atoms
emperical formula for glucose
CH2O
odor of ester methyl salicylate
oil of wintergreen
what 2 chemical elements are found in sphalerite?
zinc & sulfur
Periclase is composed of what 2 elem?
magnesium & oxygen (MgO)
who patented the common dry cell?
georges leclanche
common oxidation state of radium
+2
pH of a solution that is 1000 times more acidic than pure water
4
saturated aliphatic HC
alkanes
sucrose (ordinary table sugar)
disaccharride
pure water is approximately what molar conc?
55
1st Am chemist to receive a Nobel Prize
Theodore Richards
1914 precise determ of atomic weights
a sub that reacts w/ both strong acids & strong bases
amphoteric
name of the point on a diagram which indicates the temperature above which a gas cannot be conveted to a liquid
the critical temperature
chemical elems w/ atomic numbers 90-103
actinides
the removal of 2 H atoms from an alcohol yield what type of chem sub?
aldehyde
silver-white metal, bluish tinge
capable of taking a high polish
3rd abundance of the elems in the earth's crust
used to make drink cans
atomic number 13
occurs abundantly in all ordinary rocks, except limeestone & sandstone
aluminum
all alloys contain this elemnet if they are amalga
mercury
azo compounds characteristically are compounds containing the group
N2
a halogen which is liquid at standard conditions
volatilizes readily at room temeprature to form a reddish vapor
atomic number 35
bromine
elements in carbon group
carbon, silicon, germanium, tin, lead
this noncombustible liquid in its dry from is noncorrosive to common metals except aluminum
about 90% of all of this material which is manufactured goes into the production of chlorofluorocarbons
carbon tetrachloride
a compound which contains 2 ring sturcures having 2 common C
spiro-compound
how many atoms of oxygen are in a gluocse molecule
6
alcohol : ester
hydroxide compound: ?
a salt
carbon-14 in nature is slowly generated by the action of
neutrons on nitrogen
Marie Curie shared the 1911 Nobel Prize in chem w/ 2:
Pierre Curie & Henry Becquerel
a mystical substance supposedly released during combusion was called:
phlogiston
very dense liquid
CHCl3
chloroform
most abundant elem in the human body, weight
oxygen
Rate Law expresses the rate of a reaciton interms of the conc of
reactants
HC that contain a triple bond b/w C atoms are
alkynes
metal that melt in your hand
gallium
vinegar & baking soda mixed together, what gas forms
CO2
propane
3 C
atoms in sugar are bound by what type of bond
covalent
vegetable oil is made into margarine through
partial hydrogenation