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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
FOUR BASIC STUCTURES OF AMINO ACIDS
AMINO GROUP
HYDROGEN ATOM
CARBOXYL GROUP
VARIABLE GROUP
TWO PHASES OF METABOLISM
ANABOLISM
CATABOLISM
List the two types of reactions involving monomers and polymers and the general formula for each
Condensation
Monomer + monomer = polymer + water

Hydrolysis
Polymer + water = monomer + monomer
List the two types of chemical bonds
covalent bonds
ionic bonds
List the five types of lipids
Triglyceride
Phospholipid
Glycolipid
Steroids
Cholesterol
List the three activities enzymes and dependent on
:]
List the three types of carbohydrates and the examples of each
Monosaccharides:
Glucose
Fructose
Galactose
Disaccharides:
Sucrose
Maltose
Lactose
Polysaccharides:
Starches
Glycogen
Cellulose
List the four factors a reaction may depend on
Energy available
Temperature
Concentration of a substance
PH of the surrounding environment
List the four elements making up 96% of life
C = carbon
H = hydrogen
O = oxygen
N = nitrogen
List the four examples of polymers and the monomers composing each other
Monosaccharides=carbohydrates
Glycerol & fatty acids=lipids
Amino acids=proteins
Nucleotides=nucleic acid
List the structures of atoms and the types of subatomic particles in each other
Nucleus:
Protons (+)
Neutrons (–)
Energy levels:
Electrons (–e)
List the six elements making up the 99% of life
S = sulfur
P = phosphorus
O = oxygen
N = nitrogen
C = carbon
H = hydrogen
List the two factors affecting the rate of diffusion
Temperature
Pressure
List the three components of nucleotides
Phosphate group
Simple sugars
Nitrogen bond
List the two types of nucleic acids and the complete name for each
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
RNA
Ribonucleic acid