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18 Cards in this Set

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A carbon atom in organic molecule that is bonded to only one other carbon atom
Primary carbon atom
Carbon atom in an organic molecule that is bonded to three other carbon atoms.
Secondary carbon atom
A carbon atom in an organic molecule that is bonded to four other carbon atoms
Tertiary carbon atoms
Give prefixes for number of carbons 1-10.
meth,eth,prop,but,pent,hex,hept,oct,non,dec
A reaction between a substance of oxygen that proceeds with the evolution of heat and light.
combustion reaction
A reaction in which part of a small reacting molecule replaces an atom or a group of atoms on a hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon derivative.
substitution reaction
A reaction between a substance and a halogen in which one or more halogen atoms are incorporated into molecules of the substance.
Halogenation
A reaction in which atoms or groups of atoms are added to each carbon atom of a carbon-carbon multiple bond in a hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon derivative.
Addition reaction
An addition reaction in which identical atoms or groups are added to each carbon of a carbon-carbon multiple bond.
symmetrical addition reaction
An addition reaction in which H2 is incorporated into molecules of an organic compound.
Hydrogenation reaction
An addition reaction in which a hydrogen halide is incorporated into molecules of an organic compund
hydrohalogenation reaction
An addition reaction in which water is incorporated into molecules of an organic compound.
Hydration reaction
A substitution reaction in which an alkyl group from an alkyl chloride subs for a h atom on the benzene ring.
alkylation of an aromatic
A hydrogen atom on a benzene ring can be replaced by bromine or chlorine.
halogenation of an aromatic
Give the two ways in which alcohol can be prepared.
hydration of alkenes or
adding an h2 to a carbon-oxygen double bond
What is a reaction in which the components of water are removed from a single reactant or from two reactants.
dehydration of alcohols
What is a reaction in which two groups or two atoms on neighboring carbon atoms are removed, or eliminated, from a molecule, leaving a multiple bond between the carbon atoms.
Elimination reaction of alcohol
What is a reaction in which two molecules combine to form a larger one while liberating a small molecule, usually water.
Condensation reaction