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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the four states of matter?
Gas, solid, liquid, plasma
Gases do: (3 things)
exert pressure, have mass, can be compressed
Kinetic molecular theory
gases are small particles with mass and are relatively far apart, in constant rapid and random motion, collide in perfectly elastic conditions, don't exert attractive forces, and the average kinetic energy of a gas depends on the temperature
elastic collision
energy is the same before and after the collision
a measure of the kinetic energy of particles
kinetic energy formula
Kinetic Energy=1/2 mass (volume squared)
movement of one material through another, the lighter the particle the more quickly it diffuses
-gases diffuse well
gas escaped through a tiny hole
Graham's Law of Effusion and Difussion
gas particles with smaller masses move more rapidly than those with larger particles
force per area
units= torr, mm Hg, atm, Pascal, pounds per square inch
determines the atmospheric pressure, the changing Mercury pressure on the reservoir changes the Mercury level in the column. One standard atm is equal to the pressure that supports a column of 760 mm Hg at (0) sea level
measures gas pressure, the pressure of the open end is equal to the atmospheric pressure, the gas pressure is the pressure of the closed end, the difference in the Mercury height is the difference in pressure
Dalton's Law of Partial Particles
the sum of the partial pressures of each gas is equal to the total pressure of the gas mixture
Absolute Zero
temperature at which a gas wold have no volume or motion, 0 Kelvin and -273 Celsius
Boyle's Law
pressure and volume of a gas at constant temperature are inversely proportional to each other
P1(V1) = P2(V2)
Inversely Proportional
as one increases the other decreases
(STP)Standard Temperature and Pressure
0 degrees Celsius and 273 degrees Kelvin and 1 atm of pressure
Charles' Law
volume and temperature of a gas at a constant pressure are directly proportional to each other
V1/T1= V2/T2
Gas Law Units
temperature units must be converted to Kelvin from Celsius by adding 273 degrees and the pressure and volume units must be consistant throughout the problem
pressure and temperature of a gas at a constant volume are directly proportional to each other
P2/T1= P2/T2
Avogadro's Principle
equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain an equal number of particles
Molar volume
the volume of mole of gas
22.4 L/mole at STP
direct proportion
y=kx straight line graph with variables that change in the same direction
inverse proportion
y-k/x change inversely and the graph is a hyperbole curving downward to the right
combined gas law
combines Gay-Lussac, Charles' Law, and Boyle's Law; temperature must remain constant {P1(V1)}/T1= {P2(V2)}/T2
Ideal gas law
adding Avogadro's Principle to the combined gas law; equal volumes of a gas at a constant temperature and pressure have equal number of particles
{P1(V1)}/{n1(T1)}= {P2(V2)}/{n2(T2)}

real gases behave like ideal gases except in really low temperatures where they have intermolecular attraction and really high pressure where the particle size is a factor
Molar mass formula
Density formula
unknown variable formula
n=mass/Molar mass
The variable that stays the same when you are the combined gas law:
The equation for the combined gas law can be used instead of which equation?
Boyle's Law
relationship between temperature and volume
relationship between temperature and pressure
relationship between volume and pressure
Avogadro's Constant
6.02 x 10 to the 23rd