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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
5 properties of acids
1. sour
2. change color of indicators
3. react w/metals to release hydrogen gas
4. react w/bases to produce salts and water
5. electrolytes
binary acid
contains only 2 different elements: hydrogen and one of the more electronegative elements
oxyacid
compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a 3rd element, usually and nonmetal
sulfuric acid
automobile batteries
most commonly produced
nitric acid
explosives
suffocating odor
phosphoric acid
fertilizer nd animal feed
flavor beverages
cleaning agent
hydrochloric acid
aid digestion in stomach
keeps right acidity in swimming pools
acetic acid
manufacturing of plastics
vinegar
5 properties of bases
1. bitter
2. change color of indicator
3. slippery
4. reacts w/acids to produce salts and water
5. electrolytes
Arrhenius acid
increases the concentration of hydrogen ions H+
Arrhenius base
increases concentration of hydroxide ions OH-
strong acid
ionizes completely
weak acid
weak electrolytes
bronsted lowry acid
proton donor
bronsted lowry base
proton acceptor
bronsted lowry acid-base reaction
protons transferred from one reactant (acid) to another (base)
monoprotic acid
acid that can only donate one proton
polyprotic acid
can donate more than one proton
diprotic acid
can donate 2 protons
triprotic acid
can donate 3 protons
conjugate base
species remaining after bronsted lowry acid gives up a proton
conjugate acid
species formed when bronsted lowry base gains a proton
neutralization
reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules
salt
ionic compound composed of a cation from a base nd an anion from and acid.
lewis acid
atom, ion, molecule that accepts an electron pair to form a covalent bond
lewis base
atom, ion, molecule that donates an electron pair to form a covalent bond
lewis acid-base reaction
fromation of one or more covalent bonds between an electron pair donor and an electron pair acceptor.