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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
not having a uniform composition throughout
heterogeneous mixture
having a uniform composition throughout
homogeneous mixture
the substance dissolved in a solution
solute
the dissolving medium in a solution
solvent
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
solution
of, like, or containing water; watery
aqueous
A coloring or dyeing substance; a pigment
tincture
A homogeneous mixture or solid solution of two or more metals, the atoms of one replacing or occupying interstitial positions between the atoms of the other: Brass is an alloy of zinc and copper.
alloy
an alloy of mercury with another metal or metals.
amalgam
That can be mixed in all proportions. Used of liquids.
miscible
That can't be mixed in all proportions
immiscible
a compound formed by the interaction of a solvent and a solute.
solvation
the amount of a substance required to form a saturated solution with a specific amount of solvent at a specific temperature
solubility
a solution that contains the maximum amount of dissolved solute
saturated
a solution that contains less solute than a saturated solution under the existing conditions
unsaturated
a solution that contains more dissolved solute than a saturated solution contains under the same conditions
supersaturated
to make (a liquid) thinner or weaker by the addition of water or the like
dilute
to intensify; make denser, stronger, or purer, esp. by the removal or reduction of liquid
concentrated
a measure of the amount of solute in a given amount of solvent or solution
concentration
an ion in which a specific number of water molecules is associated with each formula unit
hydrated ions
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that conducts electric current well
electrolytes
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution the does not conduct an electric current
nonelectrolytes
property that depends on the concentration of solute particles but not on their identity
colligative property
the number of moles of solute in one liter of solution
molarity
the concentration of a solution expressed in moles of solute per kilogram of solvent
molality
the separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dissolves
dissociation
the formation of ions from solute molecules by the action of the solvent; any process that results in the formation of an ion
ionization
a solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction in solution and that separates from the solution
precipitate
an ion that doesn't take part in a chemical reaction and is found in solution both before and after the reaction
spectator ions
equations that include only those compounds and ions that undergo a chemical change in a reaction in an aqueous solution
net ionic equations