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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
CHEMICAL BONDING
THE JOINING OF ATOMS TO FORM NEW SUBSTANCES
CHEMICAL BOND
FORCE OF ATTRACTION THAT HOLDS TWO ATOMS TOGETHER
VALENCE ELECTRONS
THE ELECTRONS IN THE OUTERMOST ENERGY LEVEL OF THE ATOM
IONIC BOND
THE FORCE OF ATTRACTION BETWEEN TWO OPPOSITELY CHARGED IONS
IONS
CHARGED PARTICLES THAT FORM DURING CHEMICAL CHANGES WHEN ONE OR MORE VALENCE ELECTRONS TRANSFER FROM ONE ATOM TO ANOTHER
CRYSTAL LATTICE
REPEATING THREE-DIMENSIONAL PATTERN MADE UP OF IONS IN AN IONIC COMPOUND
COVALENT BOND
FORCE OF ATTRACTION BETWEEN THE NUCLEI OF ATOMS AND THE ELECTRONS SHARED BY THE ATOMS
MOLECULE
A NEUTRAL GROUP OF ATOMS HELD TOGETHER BY COVALENT BONDS
METALLIC BOND
THE FORCE OF ATTRACTION BETWEEN A POSITIVELY CHARGED METAL ION AND THE ELECTRONS IN THE METAL
CHEMICAL REACTION
PROCESS BY WHICH ONE OR MORE SUBSTANCES UNDERGO CHANGE TO PRODUCE ONE OR MORE DIFFERENT SUBSTANCES
CHEMICAL FORMULA
SHORTHAND NOTATION FOR A COMPOUND OR A DIATOMIC ELEMENT USING CHEMICAL SYMBOLS AND NUMBERS
CHEMICAL EQUATION
SHORTHAND DESCRIPTION OF A CHEMICAL REACTION USING CHEMICAL FORMULAS AND SYMBOLS
REACTANTS
STARTING MATERIALS IN A CHEMICAL REACTION
PRODUCTS
SUBSTANCES FORMED FROM A CHEMICAL REACTION
LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MASS
A CHEMICAL EQUATION MUST BE BALANCED!
MASS IS NEITHER CREATED NOR DESTROYED IN ORDINARY CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHANGES
SYNTHESIS REACTION
TWO OR MORE SUBSTANCES COMBINE TO FORM A SINGLE COMPOUND
DECOMPOSITION REACTION
A SINGLE COMPOUND BREAKS DOWN TO FORM TWO OR MORE SIMPLER SUBSTANCES
SINGLE REPLACEMENT REACTIONS
A REACTION IN WHICH AN ELEMENT TAKES THE PLACE OF ANOTHER ELEMENT THAT IS PART OF A COMPOUND
DOUBLE REPLACEMENT REACTION
A REACTION IN WHICH IONS IN TWO COMPOUNDS SWITCH PLACES
EXOTHERMIC
A CHEMICAL REACTION IN WHICH ENERGY IS RELEASED OR REMOVED
ENDOTHERMIC
A CHEMICAL REACTION IN WHICH ENERGY IS ABSORBED
LAW OF CONSERVATION OF ENERGY
ENERGY CAN NEITHER BE CREATED NOR DESTROYED
ACTIVATION ENERGY
MINIMUM AMOUNT OF ENERGY NEEDED FOR SUBSTANCES TO REACT
CATALYST
SUBSTANCE THAT SPEEDS UP A REACTION, AND IS NOT PERMANENTLY CHANGED
INHIBITOR
SUBSTANCE THAT SLOWS DOWN OR STOPS A REACTION
IONIC COMPOUNDS
COMPOUNDS THAT CONTAIN IONIC BONDS
COVALENT COMPOUNDS
COMPOUNDS COMPOSED OF ELEMENTS THAT ARE COVALENTLY BONDED