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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Kinetic Energy
energy of motion
Potential Energy
energy of an object at rest
Radiant Energy
sunlight
Chemical Potential
arrangements of matter particles
Gravitational Potential
combo of gravity and kinetic energy

(ex: waterfall, hydraulics)
Law of Conservation of Energy/ Matter
energy/ matter can't be created or destroyed
Solid
definite shape, definite volume
Liquid
indefinite shape, definite volume
Gas
indefinite shape, indefinite volume
Plasma
indefinite shape, indefinite volume
Physical Change
when a substance undergoes a process taht does not alter its identity
Chemical Change
process when composition and properties fo a substance change, thus altering the identity and producing a new substance
Element
substance that can't be broken into a more simple form by chemical means
Compound
2 or more elements combined by chemical means

(fixed proportion)
Mixture
a blend of 2 or more pure substances
Homogeneous
same (uniform) composition

(ex: salt water, dye in water, chocolate)
Heterogeneous
not uniform

(ex: chocolate chip cookie, salad dressing, blood)
Pure Substance
chemically reacted together
- same characteristics (phys. and chem.) throughout (uniform)
-fixed proportion (same composition)
Inorganic Compounds
Salts
Bases
Covalent Bonds
Acids
Organic Compounds
alcohol or carboxylic acid