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15 Cards in this Set

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Exists when a well-controlled experiment reveals that a specific change in one event can reliably be produced by specific manipulations of another event and that change was unlikely to be the result of another extraneous variables
Functional relation
An approsch to the study of bahavior which assumes that a mental or "inner" dimension exists that differs from a behavioral dimension.
Mentalism
Requires that all simple, logical explanations for the phenomenon under investigation be ruled out before more complex explanation are considered.
Parsimony
The repeating of experiments and conditions within experiments which allows scientists to determine the reliability and usefulness of their findings
Replication
Uses scientific manipulations of only observed public events to search for functional relationships between events
Methodological behaviorism
The practice of objective observation of the phenomena of interest
Empiricism
A fictitious variable that often is simply another name for the observed behavior that contributes nothing to the understanding of the variables responsible for developing or maintaining behavior
Explanatory fiction
A systematic approach to the understanding of natural phenomena, as evidenced by description, prediction and control that relies on determinism empiricism, replication, parsimony and philosophic doubt.
Science
A carefully conducted comparison of some measure of the phenomenon of interest under two or more different conditions in which only one factor at a time differs from one condition to another
Experiment
Requires the scientists to continually question the truthfulness of what is regarded as facts
Philosophic doubt
considers private stimuli such as thinkung and sensing to be no different from public events.
Radical behaviorism
Presumed but unobserved entity that cannot be manipulated in an experiment
Hypothetical Construct
Basic research into principles of behavior
EAB
A scientific approach to improving socially significant behavior in which procedures from the principles of behavior are applied systematically to improve socially significant behavior
ABA
Philosophy of the science of behavior
Behaviorism