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91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ct
computed tomography
dur/o
dura matter
hydrocephalus
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the brain
thalam/o
thalamus
-sthenia
srength
cerebellum
the posterior part of the brain; responsble for voluntary muscle movement
tonic clonic seizure
major seizre
parenchyma
distinguishing cell of an organ
electroencephalography
recording electrical activity in the brain
neur/o
nerve
cva
cerebrovascular accident
cerebell/o
cerebellum
gait
walk
arachnoid membrane
middle layer ot 3 membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord
absence seizures
petit mal
cerebrospinal fluid
Liquid that circulates throught the brain and spinal cord
absence seizure
minor seizure
glio/o
glue; parts of the nervous system that support & connect
thrombotic
blood clot in rteries leading to brain and blocking
motor nerves
nerves that carry messages away from the brain and spinal cords to muscles and organs
epilepsy
chronic brain disorder; marked by recurrent seizure
gli/o
glue; parts of the nervous system that support & connect
huntington disease
hereditary nervous disorder due to degenerative changes in the cerebrum involving sudden movements
meninges
3 protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord
alzheimer disease
brain disorder; marked by deterioration of mental capacity beginning in middle age
oligodendroglial cell
neuroglial cell that form sheath covering axons
embolus
mass of material travels through the bloodstream and blocks blood vescles
central nervous system
CNS - The brain and spinal cord
palsy
complete or partial loss of motor function
ganglion

ganglia
A collection of nerve cell bodies in the peripheral nervous system
cerebral contusion
bruising of the brain tissue as a result of trauma presisting longer that 24 hours
thalamus
main relay center of the brain; cunducts impulses between spinal cord & cerebrum
dementia
metal decline and deterioration
kines/o

-kinesia
movement
mri
magnetic resonance imaging
cerebr/o
cerebrum
tpa
tissue plasminogen activator
kinesi/o

-kinesis
movement
parkinsons disease
degeneration of nerves in the brain; occuring later in life; leads to tumors
cerebrum
largest part of the brain; voluntar muscle activity
multiple sclerosis
destruction of neurons in the cns and replaceing with hard tissue
myel/o
spinal cord
cns
central nervous system
parasympathetic nerves
invouluntary autonomic nerves that regulate body functions
embolic
sudden blood clot travels to cerebral arteries and bloods a small vescle
encepahl/o
brain
syncop/o
to cut off, to cut short
pia mater
thin delicate inner membrane of the meninges
csf
cerebrospinal fluid
synapse
space through which nerve impulse is transmitted from one neuron to another; like a muscle or a gland
herpes zoster
causes shingles; blisters around body
neuron
a nerve cell; carries impulses through the body
ms
multiple sclerosis
lept/o
thin / slender
tax/o
order, cordination
cerebral cortex
Outer region of the cerebrum; gray matter of the brain
aura
sensation appearing before symptoms
efferent nerves
nerves that carry impulses away from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles
hemorrhagic
bursting forth of blood from a artery
nerve
macroscopic stucture consisting of axons and dendrites in bundles like strands of rope
als
amytrophic lateral sclerosis
my/o
muscle
tia
transient ischemic attack; mini stoke
afferent nerves
Nerves that carry impulses toward the brain and spinal cord
tonic clonic seizures
grand mal seizures
dura matter
outer most layer of the meninges surrounding the brain and spinal cord
tia
transient ischemic attact
stroma
connective and framework tissue of an organ
spina bifida
congenital defect in the spinal column due to imperfect union of vertebral parts
pons
bridge; part of the brain anterior to the cerebellum & between the medulla
ad
alzheimer disease
radicul/o
nerve root ( of spinal nerves)
myasthenia gravis
neuromuscular disorder marked by replapsing weekness of skeletal muscles
peripheral nervous system
nerves outside the brain and spinal cord
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
progressive disordercharacterized by degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brain stem
sensory nerves
nerves that carry messages to the brain and spinal cord from a receptor
cerebral concussion
temporary brain dysfunction after an injury clearing within 24 hours
alges/o

-algesia
excessive sensitivity to pain
eeg
electroencephalogram
-algia
pain
myelography
contarast injected, x-rays of spinal cord obtained`
-plegia
paralysis
shingles
viral disease affecting peripheral nerves
-paresis
slight paralysis
palliative
relieving symptoms but not curing
-phasia
speech
lumbar puncture
csf is withdrawn between vertebrae
-praxia
action
lp
lumbar puncture
esthesi/o

-esthesia
feeling, nervous sensation
aneurysm
abnormal widening of blood vescles