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51 Cards in this Set

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What city did Aeneas establish?
Latium
lupus
wolf

lupus, lupî, m

2nd declension sing
Who is Aeneas?
A Trojan prince, who fled from Troy, and under the gods' guidance and orders, he founded Lavinium in Italy. He became the legendary ancestor of the Romans.
dies
day

dies, dieî, m
5th declension noun
exîre
to go out

exeô, exîre, exiî or exîvî, exîtus
irregular verb conjugation
perterritus
frightened, terrified
perterritus, perterrita, perterritum
masc--fem--neuter
2nd-1st-2nd declension
What is an infinitive?
A form of a verb which, in English, is normally expressed with "to" in front. e.g., to walk, to run.
In Latin, the present active infinitive ends in -re.
frigidus
cold
frigidus, frigida, frigidum
masculine- fem - neuter
2nd -1st-2nd declension adjective
Why is the story of Aeneas important to the Romans?
The Romans were able to have their own legendary hero, they were able to make a claim that they were descendents of a goddess, and the were able to establish the ideals of piety and honor as central to their daily lives.
adveniunt
(they) reach, arrive (at)

adveniô, advenîre, advenî, adventus
4th conjugation verb
feminine plural subject ending
-ae
puellae rident.
The girls laugh.
Quem...?
Whom...?

Interrogative Pronoun
What is a complementary infinitive?
An infinitive that completes the meaning of a verb. In Latin the infinitive normally comes before the verb, English after.
e.g.,ridere vult.
He wants to laugh.
salvae
safe
salvus, salva, salvum
masc--fem--neuter
2nd--1st--2nd declension adjective
Who recounted the story of Aeneas in the epic poem, the Aeneid?
Vergil, aka Publius Vergilius Maro, a Roman poet
ibi
there

adverb
feminine singular subject ending
-a

Puella clamat.

The girl shouts.
Ferte auxilium!
Bring help!
ferô, ferre, tûlî, lâtus
irregular verb conjugation
auxilium, auxiliî , n.
2nd declension noun
potest
(he/she) is able, can

possum, posse, potuî
irregular verb conjugation
clâmor
shout, shouting

clâmor, clâmôris, m

3rd declension noun
masculine plural subject ending
-i
The boys shout.
Pueri rident.
in silvam
into the woods

silva, silvae, f.
1st declension noun
in + accusative object= into
When did Aeneas supposedly live?
1200 B.C.
respondet
(he/she) replies
respondeô, respondçre, respondî, responsûrus
2nd conjugation verb
masculine singular subject endings
-us -er -r
Amicus clamat, puer scribit, et vir laborat.
The friend shouts, the boy writes, and the man works.
calidus
warm
calidus, calida, calidum
masc- fem- neuter
2nd-1st-2nd declension adjective
Who are Aeneas' parents?
The goddess Venus and the mortal Anchises.
repellit
(he/she) drives off

repellô, repellere, reppulî, repulsus
3rd conjugation verb
ad puellâs
toward the girls
ad= preposition + accusative case
= to/toward
puella, puellae, f.
first declension noun
if


conjunction for conditional statements
ubi
where, when

adverb
ignâvus
cowardly, lazy
ignâvus,ignâva, ignâvum
masc--fem--neuter
2nd-1st-2nd declension adjective
neque...neque
neither...nor

Conjunctions
prope
near

preposition + accusative case object
rîvus
stream

rîvus, rîvî, m

2nd declension noun
parâs
you prepare, get ready
Parô, parâre, parâvî, parâtus
1st conjugation verb
nôlô
I do not wish
nôlô, nôlle, nôluî, nôlîtûrus
irregular verb conjugation
ego
I

1st person personal pronoun
volô
I wish, want

volô, velle, voluî, volitûrus
irregular verb conjugation
timet
(he/she) fears, is afraid

timeô, timçre, timuî
2nd conjugation verb
adhûc
still
adverb
excipiunt
(they) welcome
excipiô, excipere, excçpî, exceptus
3rd-io conjugation verb
e silvâ
out of the woods

e= preposition + accusative case
silva, silvae, f.
1st declension noun
eôs
them,
3rd person Masculine Personal Pronoun
arripit
(he/she) grabs hold of, snatches

arripiô, arripere, arripuî, arreptus
3rd-io conjugation, verb
petit
(he/she) looks for, seeks
petô, petere, petîvî, petîtus
3rd conjugation verb
eum
him
3rd person masculine personal pronoun
object
statim
immediately

adverb
temerârius
rash, reckless
temerârius, temerâria, temerârium
masc--fem--neuter
2nd-1st-2nd declension adjective
vult
(he/she) wishes

volô, velle, voluî, volitûrus
irregular verb conjugation
errant
(they) wander:
errô, errâre, errâvî, errâtûrus
1st conjugation verb