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35 Cards in this Set

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Irradiation
A contoversial process where by food is exposed to gamma rays, electron beam or x-rays to kill harmful pathogens.
Umami
A fifth component of taste given by flavor enhancers such as MSG
Sweet
A taste caused by sugars, alcohols, aldehydes, and certain amino acids
Appearance
A quality factor of food that includes color, size, shape, transparency and or its deviation from the norm
Viscosity
The resistance to flow or the thickness of a fluid product.
Flavor
A complex phenomenon involving taste, aroma and texture
Sour
A taste caused by acids
Olfactoryepithelium
The upper part of the nasal cavity that can distinguish at least 40,000 odors
Mouthfeel
The way a food feels to the lips, tongue palate and teeth
Lactoseintolerance
The inability to break down milk sugar into glucose and galactose
Advertising
Media methods used to inform the public of a product
FDA
The United States regulatory organization responsible for food safety
Seizure
The removal of goods from the food system
Cockroaches
Insects that often carry diease- causing microorganisms such as Salmonella, parasites and viruses
Rats and Mice
The two most common rodents found in food environments
Injuctions
Court orders which prohibit or mandate certain actions
House Flies
Insects that feed on animal waste and transmit foodborne illness and disease-causing organisms
Element
Known as the building block in chemistry
Isotope
The same element, but a different form
Puresubstance
Made up of one kind of material and has definite and constant properties
Two
The maximum number of electrons in the first shell
Double
Another name for a covalent bond that involves the sharing of two electrons pairs.
Electroneutrality
A basic physical principle that states that the number of electrons must equal the number of neutrons.
Atoms
The smallest part of an element that retains its chemical and physical properties
Valence
The name of electrons that occupy the outer most shell of an element
Water
An example of a compound
Gram
The basic unit of the metric system used to measure mass
Electrons
Negatively charged particles of an atom
Anion
A negatively charged ion
Ten
Cnversion factor used in the metric system based the power of
Orbital
The exterior cloud surrounding the nucleus that holds electrons.
Homogeneous
A mixture in which the components are evenly distributed and indistinguishable
Nucleus
A central core of an atom
Chemical Reaction
A process in which for example Na is combined with CI to form NaCI, salt
Period Table
Developed by a Russian chemist to show the relationship between the elements.