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5 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are the 3 critical properties essential to any language?
Symbolic- using sound, written signs or gestures to refer to objects
Structure- rules that govern how symbols can be combined
Generative- language symbols can be combined to generate messages with novel meanings
describe the 2 structures to language
Surface structure- the way symbols are combined
Deep structure- underlying meaning of the combined symbols
what is linguistic relativity hypothesis?
language not only influences but also determines what we are capable of thinking
3 major modes of thought?
propositional thought- linguisticaly based thought that expresses a statement
imaginal thought- form of thinking that uses images
motoric thought- relates to mental representations of motor movements
2 types of reasoning?
deductive- top to bottom- general to specific EX syllogism
inductive- bottom to top- specific to general