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18 Cards in this Set

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Solute
Substance thats chemicals are dissolved in a solution.
Solvent
The substance in which the solute dissolves
dissociation
the process of ionic compounds breaking down into ions
dispersion
breaking into small peices throughout water
ionization
nuetral molecules gain or lose electrons
solubility
The maximum amount of a solute that dissolves in a given amount of solvent at a constant temperature
saturated solution
a solution that contains as much solute as the solvent can hold at a given temperature.
unsaturated solution
A solution that has less than the maximum amount of solute that can be dissolved
supersaturated solution
one that contains more solute than it can normally hold at a given temperature.
concentration
the amount of solute dissolved in a specified amount of solution.
molartiy
the number of moles of a solute dissolved per liter of solution
acid
a compound that produces hydronium ions when dissolved in water.
indicator
any substance that changes color in the presence of an acid or base.
base
a compound that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in water.
nuetralization
the reaction between an acid and a base
salt
the negative ions in an acid combine with the positive ions in a base to produce and ionic compound called salt.
pH
the measure of a solutions hydronium ion concentration.
buffer
a solution that is resistant to large changes in pH